29 November 2014

ACI 144 - May 1915

The catchy little title of this blog post was the British Army's attempt to make some sense of duplicate numbering within regiments, hence the issue of this Army Council Instruction in May 1915. In my experience, the letter of the law was not rigorously applied but at least we can see that an effort was being made.
My thanks to Graham Stewart for sending through this ACI.
I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

23 November 2014

12th Lancers - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following men were all serving with the 12th Lancers when they were captured in 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1/238.  My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the man's home address.

The full transcription is available for sale as part of a Lancers' PoW collection - download or CD - for £10. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

2788 Private J Adams
698 Private G Allen
765 Private R Asher
974 Private T Barker
4729 Private A Barnwell
2532 Private T Caffrey
814 Private F Cooper
1811 Private C F Dixie
2734 Private P Dunphy
3223 Private J Egan
3367 Private C Fray
5940 Private P Gatehouse
3141 Private B Grant
5877 Private P Griffin
3127 Private A Hensby
4394 Private E Hockey
4823 Private F Hodgson
3946 Private A C Horrell
4214 Private R James
6611 Private S Kendall
2454 Private L Keene
4316 Private A Kisby
4802 RQMS William T Lawes
1465 Private Frederick Lloyd
1810 Private Arthur E Lunn
2539 Private Cyril C Lunn
3339 Private H Marshall
4236 Private F Mathers
917 Private F Milnes
5635 Private T Melhuish
703 Private A Morgan
3896 Squadron Trumpeter William H Mowlam
1347 Private John Muldowney
4161 Private A Newbury
4398 Private C Oakey
3251 Private R Oldfield
2899 Private W Pearson
3796 Private A Payne
1873 Private J Petty
752 Private F Pownceby
148 Private L Hixon
709 Private E Sharpe
5907 Private A Smith
3126 Private F Scammell
3142 Private L Steer
799 Private C J Stubbs
5337 Private H E Stockwell
726 Private A H Thomas
4340 Private W R Thomas
5904 Private H Toothill
456 Private Charles Twort
5958 Private J Wells
3237 Private C Wilkinson
4150 Private H Williams

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

12 November 2014

Duplicate numbers

A visitor to one of my posts yesterday expressed surprise that someone listed on that post had the same number as his ancestor. How could that be?

I have covered this very common topic elsewhere but here's a quick overview of how this happens; and for the purpose of this post I'm going to refer to infantry only.

1. In July 1881 all line infantry regiments, with the exception of the Rifle Brigade, commenced a new numbering series which began at 1 on 1st July 1881. So straight away you have the first 68 duplicate numbers.
2. The militia battalions for each regiment each had their own number series too. Most regiments had two militia battalion and each of these battalions would have had its own number series. These militia battalions often recruited at a similar rate and it is quite often the case that I see numbers in the two battalions keeping pace with each other, neck and neck, over the years.
3. When the Territorial Force was formed in April 1908 the majority of its battalions started a new number series beginning at 1 although there were many notable exceptions, some of which I have drawn attention to on this blog.
4. When Britain went to war with Germany in August 1914 and new service battalions started forming, many of these battalions also started numbering from 1.

So by 1914 it would be possible, in a typical line regiment to see the same regimental number appearing in the regular battalions, the Special Reserve, the Extra Reserve and each Territorial Force battalion. Some numbers were prefixed with letters or numbers which can make identification of a particular battalion easier for today's researchers, but the application of these prefixes in documents of the time was inconsistent to say the least.

This blog only covers a fraction of the number series that would have been issued between 1881 and 1918 but I have much unpublished information on ALL infantry battalions and most corps besides. Use the index tab to navigate around corps, regiments and battalions but if you get stuck, or need additional help, have a look at the RESEARCH tab.

7 November 2014

The Great War Medal Collectors' Companion - Vol II


I have mentioned this Howard Williamson's Great War Medal Collectors' Companion - Vol II on my Army Ancestry blog and I see today that Naval & Military Press are promoting this quite heavily. Howard has undertaken some mammoth research here and I collaborated with him on elements of this second volume. It's gratifying to see that both I and this blog, have been name-checked in the N&MP release (above). Click on the image above or the link to order this volume. I gather from the author that it is selling fast, so don't miss out.

This from Naval and Military Press:

The contents of Volume II are as follows: FIRST CHAPTER [Chapter 6] A STUDY OF THE REGIMENTAL NUMBERS OF THE BRITISH ARMY AND DOMINION FORCES DURING THE GREAT WAR [Awarded OMRS Silver Medal 2013] This incredible study comprises 200 pages packed with information on the regimental numbers and prefixes allocated to the Soldiers of the Great War.

For the section on Line Regiments, the Author collaborated closely with Paul Nixon, whose internet blog on Regimental Numbers provided much additional information to that compiled by the Author. The Territorial re-numberings of 1917 are all included, plus information on which number blocks were allocated to those in action on the First Day of The Somme.


The Sections on the Corps include:

ASC: All the prefixes shown with their number range are explained and the units employing them are identified. Labour Corps. The numbers for the Labour Companies and the Regiments to which they are affiliated plus a table linking regimental numbers and transfer details and dates.

RAMC: All Territorial re-numberings including refinements to include field ambulances plus notes on number blocks prior to TF renumbering.

RAOC: Prefixes and number ranges explained.

Military Police: Notes from Paul Nixon's blog on dates of enlistment.

RAVC: Notes on prefixes and numbers.

RA: Territorial re-numberings. Prefixes explained.

RE: Notes on all number bands including a refined version of the TF numberings, Tunnelling, Gas and other companies identified as associated with certain number blocks.

Tank Corps: Origins of personnel revealed plus number blocks to specific battalions.


Sections on AIF, CEF SA, NZEF. Regimental Numbers. An A to Z of Regimental Letter & Number Prefixes, covering all units including Navy and RND.

SECOND CHAPTER [Chapter 7] ABBREVIATIONS FOUND ON GREAT WAR CAMPAIGN MEDALS AND DOCUMENTS This 140 page Chapter is the result of 25 years work by the Author. Sources for the information include: Medals from private collections; Medals observed at the major London (and other) auctions; Medal Index Cards; Official Documents; eBay medal sales; plus information supplied by friends, medal dealers, and collectors. The study records not only the abbreviation as it appears on the medal and its interpretation, but also many useful annotations giving further information about the rank or unit.

Main contents are: British and Commonwealth Unit abbreviations. MIC abbreviations [Expanded from Vol I].British and Commonwealth Rank abbreviations. Rank & Unit abbreviations found on Documents. British Naval Rank and Unit abbreviations. Relative Ranks Army and Navy. Indian Ranks explained. Military appointments and ranks.

This section includes additional information on the following: The Wauchope Medal; Flat Back Suspensions on WW1 Stars; The Memorial Plaque additional notes; Manufacture of WWI Medals – a summary; Complete lists of proposed Battle Clasps for both the Army & Navy; Comrades of the Great War magazine; Jutland Medal, Lady Beatty; Annotated DCM Gazettes; Additions to 1.7.16 DCM Roll; Naming issues on Great War medals; also included are some revisions to tables in Vol I plus odd typographical errors corrected.

INDEX: A user friendly Index completes the book.

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

3 November 2014

1st (King's) Dragoon Guards - PoW Other Ranks 1914

The following six men were all serving with the 1st Dragoon Guards when they were captured in 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1/45,  B.O.2 1/57 and B.O.2 1/59. My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the following information against some or all of the names:

Home address
Next of kin

Next of kin's address

The full transcription is available for sale as part of a Dragoons and Dragoon Guards PoW roll - download or CD - for £20. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

4251 Lance-Corporal Frederick C Brock
5678 Private W Hill
5546 Trooper W Jackson
6213 Trooper J R Lambard
5965 Private W H Lush
5919 Corporal Harry J Smith

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.

1 November 2014

Coldstream Guards - PoW Other Ranks 1914

This is an edited list of Coldstream Guards NCOs and men who became prisoners of war on or before 25th December 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1/78 which is a thirteen-page typed list of Coldstream Guards dated 7th February 1919. My full transcription of this Coldstream Guards PoW collection (not reproduced here) also contains the following information against some or all of the names:

Home address
Next of kin
Next of kin's address
Date captured

The full transcription is available for sale as a download or CD for £20. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

4780 Lance-Sergeant A Abraham
10123 Private W Addinall
6796 Private A Alexander
10697 Private A H Allport
3579 Private C Allsopp
8395 Private C E Allsopp
5543 Private G V Amos
6230 Private E Andrews
7470 Private R Arthur
9168 Private W Ashworth
8466 Private E Atkins
7214 Private T F Atkins
7420 Acting Sergeant E W Aust
8747 Private J Bacon
9542 Private B Bailey
6593 Private W T Bainbridge
7630 Private H Balderstone
9271 Private J E Bamford
10175 Private G Banks
5147 Private H Barker
10789 Lance-Corporal A W Barnett
8715 Corporal G H Barnsley
4433 Private T Barrett
7986 Private T A Barritt
10172 Corporal B G Barsby
10485 Private W B Baskett
9277 Private F J Baxter
7118 Private T Beckett
12573 Private C H Beech
5976 Private W Beech
7931 Private W Beresford
10236 Private J Bertram
10020 Private F Billenness
11168 Private J W Billington
10064 Private W Bindon
9232 Private H Bolam
6548 Private A R Boulter
6458 Private J Boyle
8934 Private E W Bradford
8900 Private F Bradford
6022 F Brice
8948 Private R H Briffett
9162 J G Broadhurst
9117 Lance-Corporal J Brooks
7685 Private F E Broomhead
7137 Private J Brown
7103 Private H A F Browne
10669 Lance-Corporal J T Bullen
6837 Lance-Corporal H Bunford
2162 Lance-Corporal E Burden
3430 Private E Burnett
10655 Private J H Butler
4579 Private M Byrne
10671 Lance-Corporal A B Cade
8039 Private C Cant
7670 Sergeant R G Carden
8520 Private J Cardwell
7594 Private E Carr
6197 Private R Carter
8758 Private S G Caudle
9158 Private H Chappell
11250 Private E C Chick
9838 Private W E Chicken
5760 Private T H Clark
4636 Private C Clarke
8966 Private T Clarke
9516 Lance-Sergeant H Collins
185 Private J Colton
7164 Private A E Cook
10016 Lance-Corporal J Cooper
8682 Private J W Cooper
8086 Private A Copson
9249 Private T Courtney
7869 Private H A Cowell
9626 Lance-Corporal A E A Cowley
7108 Private A Crabtree
10049 Private J H Craig
8778 Private W Creeley
10246 Private W Cropper
4317 Private J Croston
6359 Private T Cunningham
6867 Private T Cunningham
4871 Private A W Cure
10276 Private J W Dakin
4682 Private G E Dalby
8945 Private G Dale
5837 Private T Darling
8626 Private E J Davis
5371 Private D H Day
6531 Private R T Devlin
8003 Private G Dewey
6647 Corporal H Dexter
5993 Lance-Corporal S E Dickinson
5632 Private F W Didcock
5284 Private A Dillon
4860 Private S A Dodd
7135 Private H Dodman
5782 Private H Dolman
8048 Private G W Donner
7287 Private A Doody
10191 Private J W Douglas
8962 Lance-Corporal A Dugard
1395 CSM T Duggan
441 Private J Dunn
7240 Private F Dunstan
8079 Private W T Durrands
10672 Private F G Dyer
10397 Private R Earl
5386 Private A Eayers
9702 Private W J Edwards
8052 Private W F Ella
7747 Private J Elliott
10183 Private J Emery
7072 Private G Etherington
10418 Private G W Etherington
4901 Private J Farmer
6883 Private J H Farr
2287 Private G Fielder
2263 Sergeant E W Flint
11172 Private H Forrington
5825 Lance-Corporal W R Forster
9211 Private H J Foxworthy
4968 Private W Franks
5627 Private J Freeman
10690 Private H L Fry
4952 Lance-Corporal W J Galloway
5884 Lance-Sergeant E Gambell
4922 Private H Gane
8687 Private G Gee
4059 Private W Gibson
5746 Private E Giles
7676 Sergeant F Gill
9192 Private E R M Gleen
8006 Private G Godley
7893 Private J Godsell
8404 Private A Goss
10610 Private G Goulding
8983 Lance-Corporal H G Grant
10758 Private F Graves
10310 Private G J Gray
10967 Private J Gray
10459 Private J Green
12214 Lance-Sergeant B Guy
10256 Private D Gyte
7352 Private W H Hale
4384 Private C Hall
7441 Lance-Corporal W A Hall
5741 Private J A Hancon
5795 Private W Harding
5084 Private W Harris
1399 Private T Harte
1175 Private G Haslam
7426 Private G Hatton
7994 Private A Hawes
8953 Private F Henderson
10129 Lance-Corporal P V Heppel
10198 Private F Herbert
9169 Private F Hewson
8719 Private A E Hirons
10291 Private J W Hobson
7946 Private R G Hodge
6280 Private J Holland
4950 Private E Holmes
11393 Private B Hooker
6586 Private W Hopkins
8857 Drummer R Hopwood
9196 Corporal L Horrocks
10162 Private F W Houldsworth
9200 Private G E Howkins
7631 Private G W Hudson
9369 Private T Hunter
7396 Private B Hurst
5075 Private F Ireland
10068 Private A Jackson
8972 Private J G Jackson
6481 Private W Jackson
5783 Private J James
4995 Lance-Corporal J L James
7045 Private H Johnson
5454 Lance-Sergeant R Johnson
8615 Private C Jones
5658 Private E R Jones
8595 Private S Jones
3634 Private J Joyce
6028 Private W H Keal
7466 Private E A Keel
7717 Private N Keeler
6374 Private W Keeler
9813 Private J Kelly
9957 Lance-Corporal A A Kenny
5214 Private H V Kerfoot
8610 Private J Kimberley
5465 Lance-Corporal W Kimberley
6533 Private A V Kirk
5140 Private P Kirkham
5797 Private H H Kisman
2656 Private C Labross
10158 Lance-Corporal C H Lacey
11102 Private W H Lane
9829 Private M Lang
6389 Private G V Langford
7980 Private J Langham
3418 Private G Leeson
8721 Private J Leighton
6318 Private J C Lewis
10373 Private J W Lingard
7552 Private J Long
7213 Private A G Lovell
6295 Private E Lovery
9107 Private G Lowe
10528 Private W Lowe
2495 Private C E Lucas
9186 Private W T Lunt
10264 Private C V Lyon
9553 Private A J Maddox
6524 Private C Mallett
7272 Private H Marsden
9574 Lance-Corporal J G Martin
9455 Private F Masters
10116 Private C A May
9571 Private W H May
7894 Private W McGraa
10368 Private W P McGrory
8195 Drummer J McManus
11042 Private G E Mears
7867 Private J A Mirams
7883 Private T Mitchell
9462 Private B Mizen
6492 Private R Monkton
5390 Private P Monsell
415 Lance-Corporal F Moore
3540 Private J J Moore
9011 Private W E Mulholland
4407 Lance-Corporal C Munday
10786 Private G H Muscroft
7988 Private J Napier
3571 Private H Naylor
6059 Private F Norris
10882 Private R S O'Brien
5188 Lance-Corporal A J Ollerton
5544 Private F Painter
6990 Lance-Sergeant A S Palmer
5323 Private J W Parker
803 Private A E Parkes
7599 Private J H Parkes
3699 Private A E Parry
7366 Corporal W R Pearson
889 Lance-Corporal F J Pergande
1002 Corporal O Perdue
8985 Private G M Perkins
10107 Lance-Sergeant F P Perry
8032 Private H A Phillips
10503 Private W E Phipps
10274 Private W H Pigott
4878 Private C J Pitman
6739 Private E Platts
7866 Private G Pratt
5393 Private E R Presland
5026 Lance-Corporal L Radford
7922 Private H Ralph
10371 Private B Ranson
3316 Lance-Corporal J F Ravenscroft
2772 Private J Rawlinson
7997 Private T Read
8299 Private S Reading
10130 Private J A Redfearn
7395 Private A H Reed
6001 Private A Reynolds
8992 Private J F Richardson
8432 Private G H Riley
11265 Private I M Ritchie
10124 Private S Ritchie
10407 Private W Robinson
6567 Private J L Robson
9705 Private R Rock
7537 Drummer G V Roebuck
10736 Private A Roper
6131 Lance-Corporal J T Rose
7985 Private J H Rowell
8671 Private J Salisbury
5517 Private G Salley
7453 Private A Satchell
10753 Private W Shardlow
10413 Private W H Sharland
10122 Private F J Sharman
7962 Private W B Sheppard
8015 Sergeant G Shoesmith
10388 Private A P Shore
6055 Private A Skett
8600 Lance-Corporal E A Smith
7874 Private J A Smith
8569 Private R Smith
10251 Private R H Smith
8154 Private W E Smith
9208 Lance-Corporal H Smitheman
6309 Private J Snaith
9701 Corporal G F Snartt
8965 Private H G Snook
10027 Private T Staniland
6590 Private W R L Steadman
5507 Private W E Stimpson
2066 Private W E Stout
2365 Private G Stratton
1717 CSM R Sturges
7862 Private W H Sully
7711 Private J Sutcliffe
2751 Private T Swann
85 Lance-Corporal R Swatton
7951 Private W T Szulczewski
2980 Private E E Tanner
5422 Private W Tarbuck
10282 Private C W Taylor
4920 Private E Taylor
4947 Corporal J Taylor
5972 Private W Taylor
8252 Sergeant E Thompson
10742 Private F Thompson
9036 Private J Thompson
9606 Private J C Thompson
5380 Private A Thornlow
7868 Private C F Till
10389 Private W Tong
9645 Private J Tracey
8723 Private C R Trodd
2428 Private C Turnbull
8540 Private G E Turner
10258 Private J Turner
10403 Private H Underhill
6773 Private J Underhill
7116 Private S Venton
8034 Private E Vincent
6490 Private T E Vinnicombe
5442 Private G Vranch
10178 Private G Walby
7481 Private C W Walden
7397 Private T Waldron
3046 Private B Walker
4985 Private E Walker
9159 Lance-Sergeant H C Walker
7934 Private B Warcup
4965 Lance-Sergeant H Ward
10846 Private J Ward
8639 Private E Warne
10213 Private W Watson
9353 Private H T Webb
9804 Lance-Corporal L Wehrle
5467 Lance-Corporal E Welch
8104 Private F Wells
6220 Private A Whetton
8717 Private J Whitehouse
2008 Private J S Whitehouse
6134 Private A J Wickham
8417 Private G W Wild
8153 Drummer A V Wilkins
7761 Private A Willcox
9599 Lance-Corporal A Williams
8407 Private F J Wilson
8617 Corporal H Wilson
10731 Private J A Wilson
5294 Private W Woodhead
10774 Private F Woodward
10239 Private F Wright
10174 Private F E Wyatt
2884 Private W Yates
9282 Private H Young
6777 Drummer S I Young

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information.