3 December 2016

Regimental numbers research tip: duplicate number series

On this blog you will find lists of regimental number series. Back in 2003 I started to compile a database of regimental numbers and the known dates on which these were issued. I embarked on this mission because I was researching a community in Chailey and quickly realised that for the most part, the only surviving record of military service was a medal card and medal rolls. I felt sure that there was method to the way in which regimental numbers were issued, and so it turned out to be.

I want to use this opportunity though, once again, to talk about duplicate regimental number series. I have covered this topic periodically over the eight years that this blog has been in existence, but it does no harm to cover it again.

First of all, we need to have a picture in our minds of a typical line infantry regiment in July 1881. With the exception of the Rifle Brigade, all regiments have started a new regimental number series. Their designations have also changed and, with the singular exception of the 79th Regiment of Foot, single battalion regiments of foot from the 26th Regiment of Foot upwards have been formally paired with other regiments. Gone are the old numerical "Regiment of Foot" titles and in their place are county titles.  Using my own local regiment as an example, the old 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot and the 56th (West Essex) Regiment of Foot have been formally merged to create the brand new two-battalion Essex Regiment. Men joining this new regiment from July 1881 are issued with new numbers beginning at 1. The numbers are issued when the men arrive at the regimental depot, NOT on the day on which they attest (although in many cases this will be the same day of attestation).

This is our first Essex Regiment regimental numbers series - numbers issued to regular soldiers.

The Essex Regiment also has two militia battalions in 1881. These are the 3rd East Essex Rifles and the 4th West Essex Militia. Both of these battalions have their own regimental series. 

In addition to the regular number series (covering the 1st and 2nd Battalions), a regimental number series for the 3rd Battalion, and a regimental numbers series for the 4th Battalion, the Essex Regiment also has four Volunteer Force battalions, each of these battalions operating its own regimental number series.

So in total, in 1881, the Essex Regiment has seven separate regimental number series being used concurrently.

Fast forward to 1908. There are no changes to regular battalions. The Special Reserve and Extra Reserve replace the militia. The Territorial Force replaces the Volunteer Force. The Essex Regiment is one of several regiments to lose one of its militia battalions. Men transferring into the new 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion from  the old 3rd (Militia) Battalion keep their old militia regimental numbers. Men transferring in from the old 4th (Militia) Battalion as well as new recruits who have never served in the militia before are all issued with new regimental numbers from a new series beginning at 1.

The Volunteer Force has been replaced by the Territorial Force, the old 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th VF battalions being replaced by the new 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Battalions. All of these battalions have their own regimental number series and all begin at number 1 in 1908. In 1910 an 8th (Cyclist) Battalion will also be formed and it will start numbering from 1 as well.

Fast forward to August 1914. The Essex Regiment will start to raise new service battalions. All of these battalions will issue numbers from the series being used by the 1st and 2nd Battalions.

The point is this.  There is massive duplication of regimental numbers in the Essex Regiment and in all line infantry regiments.

1. By the end of 1914 the Essex Regiment has two regular battalions (the 1st & 2nd Battalions) and five service battalions (the 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th Battalions) all using regimental numbers from the same series.
2. The 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion uses numbers from another series.
3. The five Territorial Force battalions all have their own regimental number series

In theory therefore, by 1914 there could be four men in the Essex Regiment who all have the same number. The number 3000 would have been issued to:

1. A man joining the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion in September 1914
2. A man joining the 5th Battalion in November 1914
3. A man joining the 6th Battalion in October 1914
4. A man joining the 7th Battalion in November 1914

The number 3000 would also have been issued to a regular recruit in 1890. It would also be issued to a man in the 4th Battalion in January 1915 and a man in the 8th Battalion in October 1916. 

This duplication of numbers is evident across all infantry regiments to a greater or lesser degree, and similar duplication of numbers appears in Territorial Force numbers for other Corps. This was the principal reason that the Territorial Force was re-numbered in 1917 except of course that it still resulted in massive duplication of numbers across regiments. The number 200001, for instance was issued by 56 different regiments, as was the number 200002, 200003 and so on.

On this blog you will find man different regimental number sequences explained, but there are many many more sequences which I have not published. Take a look at my posts on the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders regimental number sequences (see here for the INDEX) and then imagine that same scenario repeating across the majority of the other infantry regiments (excluding Irish regiments which had no Territorial Force battalions). 

I hope this post has been helpful. Use the information here and elsewhere to narrow down the enlistment and/or transfer dates of your own British Army ancestor but remember, if you get stuck:

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2 December 2016

19th Hussars - Other Rank PoWs 1914

Here are some more cavalrymen, a small list of 12 men, captured by the Germans before Christmas 1914; this time men from the 19th (Queen Alexandra's Own) Hussars.

As I have said before, what I call the Princess Mary tin PoW lists are certainly incomplete but they're also a great starting point.  I have augmented the information I hold in these lists by looking at The Times casualty lists and also the Prisoners of War on Findmypast.  There are close to 2.7m indexed records in total and over 69,000 First World War PoW records. This is an ongoing task.

All of these men appear in a document held at the Imperial War Museum in B.O.2 1/163 which is a two-page hand-written letter to Sire Ernest Goodhart from the officer in charge of cavalry records at York. The letter is dated 7th January 1919.

2109 Private J Black,  19th Hussars, 65 Kingsland Road, Dalston, London E13 
46523 Sergeant W A Ducker,  19th Hussars, Fleech Hotel, Canterbury 
9701 Private G E Line,  19th Hussars, 75 St Peters Road, Edmonton 
5985 Private T McGrory,  19th Hussars, 36 Forest Street, Stonefield, Cantyre, Blantyre 
6754 Private C McGuire,  19th Hussars, 74 Everson Lane, Sheffield 
3044 Private N Phelan,  19th Hussars, 25 Burton, Kingston-on-Thames 
2924 Private G J Saunders,  19th Hussars, Petworth, Sussex 
8069 Private J W Seth,  19th Hussars, 5 Cemetery Lane, Shepperton, Middlesex 
3283 S/Sgt Frank Underhill,  19th Hussars, Regents Cottage, Edenbridge 
745 Private J Whitney.  19th Hussars. 77 Cambridge Street, Springfield, Northampton 
46500 Private Thomas Whybourne,  19th Hussars, Manor Farm, Guildford 
9684 Private W L Wills,  19th Hussars, Wyesham, Near Monmouth

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26 November 2016

6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons - Other Rank PoWs 1914

After last week's small list of 10th Hussars PoWs, here's another list of cavalrymen captured by the Germans before Christmas 1914; this time men from the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons.

What I call the Princess Mary tin PoW lists are certainly incomplete but they're also a great starting point.  I augment the information I hold in these lists by looking at The Times casualty lists and also the Prisoners of War on Findmypast.  There are close to 2.7m indexed records in total and over 69,000 First World War PoW records.

2492 Private W H Barnett
Captured 30th October 1914; home address: 606 Harrow Road, London 
2511 Corporal A Bowling
Captured 30th October 1914; home address: 48 Salt Street, Manningham, Bradford
2503 Private G Dixon
Captured 30th October 1914; home address: 4 Imperial Terrace, Woodfield Grove, Sale, Near Manchester 
5637 Private G Downs
Captured 30th October 1914; home address: 19 Sutherland Steet, Leicester 
6453 Private F Eversoll
Captured 30th October 1914; home address: 5 Acacia Avenue, Cardiff 
140 Private J Ferrie
Home address: Mrs McEwan, 50 Albert Road, Townhead, Glasgow 
5705 Corporal C Jaggard
Captured 30th October 1914; home address: 2 Albert Street, Chesterton, Cambridge 
6576 Private J Plain
Home address: 9 Salisbury Road, St Stephens, Canterbury 
5732 Private S Ripley
Captured 29th October 1914; home address: 1 Back Butler's Buildings, Crossgreen lane, Leeds 
5653 Private George H Tudball
Captured 30th October 1914; home address:  20 Keightley Street, Birkenhead 

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19 November 2016

10th (Prince of Wales's Own) Hussars - Other Rank PoWs 1914

The list of 10th Hussars men who had become prisoners of war by December 1914 is tiny. It took the form of a two-page letter typed by Mrs E Mackenzie of the Tenth (PWO) Hussars Association and was sent to Sir Ernest Goodhart on the 19th December 1918. At the time of writing, at least six of the men were still being held in German camps.

At first glance, Corporal Addison looks to be the longest serving man here, assuming that is that the other men's numbers all belong to the regimental number series issued to the Corps of Hussars from 1907. That would place Corporal Addison as a 1907 enlistment, and all the other men a couple of years behind him, enlisting in 1909 and 1910.

On the other hand though - and this is where you need to be careful with line cavalry numbering - the numbers issued to all of the men except Corporal Addison could, in theory, have been issued to the 10th Hussars before 1907. This would make 4238 Sergeant Hawkes the longest serving man (enlisted 1899), with the other men enlisting between 1900 and 1906).

In actual fact, Lance-Corporal Arthur H Hawkes does indeed appear on medal rolls for the Queen's South Africa Medal and King's South Africa Medal and so he is the longest serving man in the list below.

909 Corporal Alfred H Addison 
4686 Private George R Bird 
6545 Private P Cairns 
5568 Private Joseph Cassidy 
5559 Private Arthur G Cater 
5590 Private H Grant 
4238 Sergeant H Hawkes 
5759 Corporal William R Miller 
5422 Private E Reeve

For more information on cavalry numbering and that crucial change from regimental numbering by regiment to regimental numbering by corps, have a look at my post on King's and Queen's Regulations, and in particular Army Order 289 of December 1906 which, for the modern day researcher, really is a vital document that should be pinned up somewhere where it won't be missed. Or alternatively, just bookmark this page.

Pictured above in about 1901, Prince Edward, HRH The Prince of Wales; Later King Edward VII, Colonel of the 10th Hussars.

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12 November 2016

Leicestershire Regiment - other rank PoWs 1914

The following men all appear on a list of Leicestershire Regiment men who were captured on or before the 25th December 1914 and therefore missed out on Princess Mary's gift to her troops.

This list is compiled from a single source at The Imperial War Museum, London: B.O.2 1/256 which is a two-page undated typed list. 

The extract below is an edited version of the full transcription which typically gives date of capture and home address. The full transcription is available for sale as a download or CD for £20. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

I also offer a comprehensive, fast and cost-effective military history research service. Follow the link for more information. 

7772 Private J H Allen 
6986 Private H Ball 
8051 Private L Bate 
8837 Private J E Beck 
7524 Private W Bent 
 7964 Private G Bevins 
9559 Private B Billington 
7277 Private H Board 
9530 Private H Botterill 
7059 Private T Cavner 
9675 Private F H Chambers 
6472 Private E Church 
6664 Private J W Clarke 
9769 Private J W Clarke 
8283 Private S C Clarke 
7186 Private F Cliffe 
6836 Private A Coleman 
6523 Private W Coleman 
6888 Drummer M Collins 
9253 CSM H Conner 
9902 Drummer G Craffey 
5276 Lance-Corporal R Cramp 
9718 Private J Dakin 
7783 Private W Dawes 
9703 Private G Dodge 
7299 Private A Durrant 
8937 Private R A Ellis 
7321 Private G Fairbrother 
7206 Private H Fall 
7987 Private H B Gilbert 
7593 Private J Goodman 
9498 Private H A Greenhalgh 
10458 G W Gregg 
9426 Private H Hall 
8593 Private J Harding 
8414 Private W Hardyman 
7050 Private H Hemmings 
17966 Sergeant C Hickman 
9613 Private W Holland 
8039 Private F W Hollingshead 
6979 Sergeant J C H Hubbard 
7047 Private S Hunt 
7994 Private G Hunter 
9104 Lance-Corporal A Iliffe 
7306 Private F King 
8759 Private G Lee 
9569 Lance-Corporal J Lines 
5324 Lance-Corporal E Lomas 
9719 Private H C Loseby 
7416 Private C Mann 
6564 Private T Marlow 
7731 Private G Marsh 
8706 Private G Mason 
5520 CQMS L McCarthy 
9673 Private J McGuire 
9155 Drummer G Millard 
9510 Private E Morgan 
7998 Corporal H Mott 
7195 Corporal F P Moylan
9321 Private J Murphy 
7491 Private G Narrowway 
6581 Private G Naylor 
6611 Private G A Newall
9543 Private P Noble 
7034 Private J O'Grady 
8537 Lance-Corporal H J Ormes 
9455 Private A G Pash 
7188 Private W A Phillips 
6622 Private R Randall 
9541 Private G H Sanders 
6570 Sergeant D Shea 
6992 Private G F Shepherd
7673 Private J Smith 
9644 Private J Smith 
7041 Private T L Stokes
7587 Private J Tinkler 
7319 Private G Todd 
9626 Private W H Turner 
7279 Private A E Vokins 
8884 Private E Ward 
6540 Private W Ward 
9739 Private L L Wells 
9704 Private William West 
 6462 Private J L Weston 
6630 Private H Wheldale 
8932 Private H Wiggings 
6990 Private A Williams 
9423 Private A E Woodford 
9765 Private W Wortley

5 November 2016

British Army service & pension records online

I'm going to flag this again because I think the links I posted could be useful.

Last week, over on my Army Ancestry Research blog, I published a list of infantry and foot guards regiments with links to those regiments' surviving service and pension records on Findmypast. I was quite surprised at how many records survive for some regiments and how few survive for others.  

The records cover a wide year range, from 1760 to 1920, although the majority will be for the period 1881 to 1918. Clicking on the British Army infantry and foot guards links I published will take you to the search results but you will need a subscription or pay-per-view credits to actually view the records. You'll also find some of these on Ancestry but Findmypast has a far more comprehensive and better indexed collection.

31 October 2016

11th Royal Dublin Fusiliers - Part II Orders 29th May 1917

Regimental Part II Orders are real gems; the sadness is that so few survive. I think I read somewhere that these were mostly destroyed during the same bombing of London's Docklands in September 1940 which also destroyed 60 per cent of the other rank service records. Some regiments may have copies still, but most do not.

Findmypast has the most comprehensive collection of British Army service records online, and their thoughtful indexing of lists of men found amongst papers in WO 363 has turned up some very useful documents.

The extract below is a transcription of 11th Durham Light Infantry men who proceeded overseas to France on the 28th May 1917 (see the image above which Crown Copyright, The National Archives). I thought I'd manipulate the data and place it in regimental number order to determine when the men had joined up. First though, here are the 86 men:

13538 Sgt Martin,  B Company
18256 Pte Scullion B Company 
20082 Pte Pannell B Company 
23961 Pte McDermot C Company 
24926 Pte Jones C Company 
24942 Pte Ashenhurst B Company 
25096 Pte Jackson A Company 
25102 Pte Reardon C Company 
25368 Pte Chandler B Company 
25434 Pte Ashenhurst C Company 
25611 Pte Ahern A Company 
25637 Pte Douglas B Company 
25962 Pte Hegarty A Company 
26043 Pte Cronin C Company 
26090 Pte Brown D Company 
26224 L/Cpl Conway D Company 
26297 Pte Scanlon B Company 
26354 Pte Kelly A Company 
26546 Pte Lalor A Company 
26596 Pte Jones B Company 
26772 Pte Holden C Company 
26973 Pte Wynne A Company 
26979 Pte Gough B Company 
26994 Pte Doyle D Company 
27023 Pte McDonagh B Company 
27370 Pte Kennedy B Company 
27385 Pte Lynch B Company 
27428 Pte Smalley A Company 
27452 L/Cpl Armstrong D Company 
27640 Pte De Lacy B Company 
27680 Pte Ennis A Company 
27729 Pte Doyle D Company 
27957 Pte Devine C Company 
28269 Pte Lyons A Company 
28270 Pte Murphy A Company 
28406 Pte Kelly C Company 
28407 Pte Byrne B Company 
28607 Pte Douch A Company 
28652 Pte Quinn B Company 
28655 Pte Burke A Company 
28673 Pte Cosgrove A Company 
28683 Pte Hernon A Company 
28684 Pte Cahill B Company 
28716 Pte Devine B Company 
28731 Pte Harte B Company 
28732 Pte Kearns B Company 
28733 Pte Tattersall C Company 
28734 Pte O'Hanlon C Company 
28738 Pte McDonald B Company 
28747 Pte Duff B Company 
28954 Pte Robinson A Company 
28965 Pte Rowe A Company 
28969 Pte Hunt B Company 
28971 Pte Byrne B Company 
29042 Pte Overend C Company 
29043 Pte Smith C Company 
29055 Pte Keatinge D Company 
29058 Pte Duff B Company 
29063 Pte Ryan C Company 
29075 Pte Connolly A Company 
29081 Pte McManus B Company 
29131 Pte McGovern B Company 
29133 Pte Buckley B Company 
29211 Pte Murphy A Company 
29215 Pte Osborne C Company 
29216 Pte Gillor B Company 
29220 Pte Cowell C Company 
29223 Pte Hughes B Company 
29243 Pte Oldfield C Company 
29245 Pte Metcalfe B Company 
29247 Pte Walmsley C Company 
29251 Pte Cullen B Company 
29252 Pte Willan C Company 
29270 Pte Byrne B Company 
29278 Pte Smith D Company 
29289 Pte Skinner D Company 
29291 Pte McDonough A Company 
29293 Pte Dean B Company 
29333 Pte Davidson A Company 
29335 Pte Flint A Company 
29717 Pte Gargan B Company 
29765 Pte McFarlane D Company 
29830 Pte Hepburn D Company 
29831 Pte Fay D Company 
29917 Pte Heffron D Company 
29939 Pte Lightbound B Company

Sergeant Martin is the longest-serving and most senior of the men here. His regimental number tells me that he joined up around the 8th September 1914, but he was certainly not overseas any earlier than 1st January 1916 and it is possible that this posting in May 1917 was his first time abroad.  He later served with the Labour Corps.

The rest of the men have numbers in the range 20082 to 29939. 20082 dates to around the 21st September 1914 whilst 29939 would have been issued over two years later in October 1916. For many of the men listed here, this scrap of information is now all that survives of their service records although First World War medal index cards and campaign medal rolls 1914-1920 can be viewed over on Ancestry. 

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17 October 2016

9461 Pte George Henry Byrom, 1st Cheshire Regiment

Here's an eBay win from yesterday. When this photograph was taken in 1917, George Henry Byrom of the 1st Cheshire Regiment was about 22 years old and had already been a prisoner of war for over two years. 

George was not a regular soldier at all. His regimental number, 9461, belongs to the series that was issued by the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion and dates to the 27th December 1912. His medal index card notes that he arrived in France on the 31st August and he must therefore have been part of a draft for the 1st Battalion which had been overseas since the 16th.

According to his surviving service record, George was captured on the 14th October 1914. A surviving page held by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) notes that he was captured at La Bassee, one of 55 Cheshire regiment men who became prisoners of war that day. The ICRC record was compiled at Hameln Prisoner of War camp and dates to 6th February 1915. This photgraph was taken by A Mohn, a photographer based in Nienburg, which in turn was attached to Munster. 

George was repatriated on the 12th January 1919. His name appears on two lists sent to Sir Ernest Goodhart who had been charged with ensuring that all men captured before Christmas 1914 would retrospectively receive HRH Princess Mary's gift tin. George's address is given as 30 Hatherlow Street, Portwood, Stockport, and his next of kin recorded as his mother. A note on the back of my PoW photo also notes Portwood, thus linking the photograph to my PoW list. Hatherlow Street has long since been demolished, but the photograph below shows the street in the background, awaiting demolition in 1967. (The photograph below is courtesy Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council which, although it has disabled "Right Click" on its archive site, has not, thankfully, found a way to disable "Print Screen". Thank you, Stockport MBC).

The Princess Mary tin data also confirms George as a 3rd Battalion man, one of only a handful of Special Reservists captured with the Cheshire Regiment in 1914.

A little bit more about the man. George Henry Byrom was born in Stockport on the 29th March 1895, the son of John Henry Byrom (born c1871) and Mary Ellen Byrom (born c1873), and the brother of Elizabeth (born c1897) and Sarah Byrom (born c1899), James Byrom (born c1902), Richard Byrom (born c1904) and John Henry Byrom (born c1908). The family was Roman Catholic and George's baptism into the Roman Catholic church survives in Cheshire archive records. The 1911 census records George's trade as a "Doffer in Doubling Mill" a doffer being the person who removed the full bobbins from the frames in the spinning mills and replaced them with empty ones. 

After he had been repatriated in 1919, George tried to claim a pension, stating that he had an enlarged heart as a result of "neglect and hardships whilst a prisoner of war in Germany". He also noted that he had been a patient at Uchtermoor hospital in Germany and Amersfoort Hospital in Holland. Notes on his record state, "claims that owing to enlarged heart he has had to give up his ordinary work in mill after five nights". His pension claim was rejected.

George married Elizabeth Pollitt (born 3rd December 1894) in Stockport in 1920 and the couple went on to have three children: George (born in 1920), Elizabeth (born in 1922), and James (born in 1924). When the 1939 Register was taken, George and Elizabeth were living at 11 Gerrard Street, George working as a ring doubler, and Elizabeth working as a ring winder. None of their three children appear with them at this address.

George Byrom died in 1957 at the age of 61, Elizabeth Byrom died in 1974.

If anyone knows of the whereabouts of George's medals and would like to part with them, please do get in touch.

I research soldiers! For assistance with your own British Army project, contact me.

14 October 2016

1st Nothumbrian Brigade, Royal Field Artillery

It's been a while since I published regimental number sequences and so here are a few regimental numbers with corresponding joining dates for men of the 1st Northumberland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. This was a Territorial Force unit which comprised the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Northumberland Batteries.  The range below covers the period 1908 until June 1915.

309 joined on 8th April 1908
637 joined on 17th May 1909
766 joined on 3rd April 1911
1005 joined on 28th April 1913
1159 joined on 4th August 1914
1233 joined on 31st August 1914
1527 joined on 6th January 1915
1630 joined on 10th February 1915
2239 joined on 2nd June 1915

For those of you not familiar with how these sequences work, the idea is that you can use the dates above to gauge the joining date of your own 1st Northumberland Brigade Ancestor.

If, for example, you know your man served with this unit and had the regimental number 1346, it would be reasonable to assume that he joined the regiment at some time between the 31st August 1914 and the 6th January 1915.  Note that there is a subtle difference between date of attestation and date of joining, and this becomes particularly important from late 1915 onwards. A man could attest under the Derby Scheme but his number would not be issued to him until he had been mobilised.

Note too, that men joining the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Northumbrian Brigades were all issued with numbers from different series allocated to each of these units. The sequence above is ONLY for the 1st Northumbrian Brigade. My recently re-bound volume of the 1909 Army List - which is an object of beauty in its own right - states that, in 1909 at least, this unit was headquartered at Barrack Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne with the Duke of Northumberland as its Honorary Colonel

After the war, C H Ommaney wrote the Brigade history which these days is scarce but obtainable from around £75. At the time of writing, Turner Donovan books has a copy.

The image on this page shows RFA territorials, unit unknown.

I research soldiers! For assistance with your own British Army project, contact me.

1 October 2016

Re-numbered after death

Over on my WW1 Remembrance blog I have just posted a depressing roll call of close to a thousand men who lost their lives one hundred years ago today on the 1st October 1916.

There are a lot of Territorial Force infantrymen included in this roll, 114 of whom have six-digit numbers which belong to new regimental number series which would not come into effect until the 1st March 1917. So why re-number men who had been killed five months earlier? The answer is simple. These men were all reported missing in action on the 1st October 1916 and would not be officially presumed killed in action until a year later (or until their remains were positively identified, whichever was the soonest).

Of these 114 men, 91 have no known grave and are commemorated on the memorial at Thiepval; they were never found. Twenty of these re-numbered men are buried in Warlencourt British Cemetery, a Lutyens cemetery which I visited in July this year. According to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the cemetery was made in late 1919 when graves from smaller cemeteries and the battlefields of Warlencourt and Le Sars were brought in.

Here, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission records can be extremely helpful as they usually include concentration reports and graves registration documents.  For example, 276032 Private John Hanson of the 1/7th Durham Light Infantry was originally brought in from a battlefield grave and recorded as 370 Pte W H Hansen. This was later corrected to 3750 Pte W H Hanson, although he had long since been re-numbered as 276032 Pte W H Hanson and it is this six-digit number which appears on his headstone at Warlencourt. These CWGC reports are therefore useful in locating a man's original number, although these may also appear in the Soldiers' Effects Register, published over on Ancestry.

I research soldiers! Contact me if you need help with your military ancestor.

25 September 2016

4th (Queen's Own) Hussars - other rank PoWs 1914

The following 25 men were all serving with the 4th Hussars when they were captured in 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1//153 which is an eight page hand-written letter dated 1919 at York and sent by the officer i/c cavalry records (Hussars).  Many pages are virtually unreadable due to fading.   My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the home address of most of the men.

The full transcription is available for sale as part of a Hussars PoW roll - 350+ names in all - for £20. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

8544 John J Ballancie 
7801 Lance-Corporal G R Berry 
9957 George R Berry 
5653 Private James Braine 
1271 Private Patrick Brennan 
9564 Alexander F Brightley 
2217 Private A E Caldwell 
6049 Ernest Collis 
448 Private Patrick Costello 
4163 Private P Dempsey 
1217 Private Herbert P Dommett
9961 Private Harold A Emberson 
9951 John Fanning 
1244 Harry Fitzell 
10081 Private Percival Germains 
10026 Private Frank Hay
3046 Private Albert Jennings
7027 Arthur Moss 
6267 Edgar G Peters
2261 Private Percy F Sandford 
2133 Arthur J P Smith
1236 Private Samuel Smylie
9575 Frederick Tapp 
4830 J Taylor
5328 Private Melton Waterfield

I research soldiers! Contact me if you need help with your military ancestor.

19 September 2016

3rd (King's Own) Hussars - Other Rank PoWs 1914

The following ten men were all serving with the 3rd Hussars when they were captured in 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page. This data has been transcribed from the Imperial War Museum's collection, specifically item B.O.2 1//152,   My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the home address of each of the men.

The full transcription is available for sale as part of a Hussars PoW roll - 350+ names in all - for £20. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

3143 Bandsman Herbert E Browning 
9759 Lance-Corporal Oliver M Buckner 
10206 Private Albert F Butler 
4454 Private W Freeman 
45108 Private J Grey 
45092 Bandsman A R Hodson 
10493 Private F C March 
9154 Private A F Paterson 
45015 Sergeant P Randall 
9084 Lance-Corporal E Taylor

I research soldiers! Contact me if you need help with your military ancestor.

10 September 2016

S-28524 Pte Leonard Thomas Bouchard, Rifle Brigade

Leonard Thomas Bouchard's First World War campaign medals are unremarkable. Like many men, he probably had an unremarkable war too. Nevertheless, that British War Medal and inter-allied Victory Medal are evidence that he served overseas or, to use a phrase current at the time, "did his bit" for King and Country.  Having bought his medals on eBay recently, the least I could do was to find out a bit more about him. This then, is his unremarkable story.

Leonard Bouchard was born in Bethnal Green, east London on the on the 9th September 1896 (in other words, one hundred and twenty years ago, yesterday). He was the son of William and Florence Bouchard and the younger brother of William Robert Bouchard (born . Another brother, Richard Thomas Bouchard, would be born in 1901.

William Bouchard senior was a french polisher by trade, and when the 1901 census was taken, the family was living at 30 Burgoyne Road, Bethnal Green. Ten years later, however, the family had moved on and was living at 20 Kingsley Road, Walthamstow. That's the house on the left in the image - courtesy of Google - below.  

Leonard's regimental number, S-28524, dates to the end of June 1916. It is possible that he had attested under the Derby Scheme in 1915 and been called up in in June 1916 although I think, given his age in 1916, that this is unlikely. Had he attested under the Derby Scheme, as a single man he would have been place in Group 2, and this group was mobilised in January 1916. I think it more likely that Leonard was conscripted and that he probably remained in the UK until December 1916 before sailing for France.

Leonard served overseas with the 2nd Battalion and later with the 12th Battalion. It's possible that the posting from one battalion to another was a result of wounding with the 2nd Battalion, recuperation and then posting to the 12th Battalion. In the absence of a surviving service or pension record, however, this must remain conjecture.

The 2nd Battalion was a regular battalion which formed part of the 25th Brigade in the 8th Division. The 12th (Service) Battalion was a new army battalion which formed part of the 60th Brigade in the 20th (Light) Division; the same division in which my grandfather's brother, Sidney Herbert Nixon, also served.

Leonard survived the war and married Mary Heatley in 1920. The couple went on to have two daughters: Iris F Bouchard born in 1923, and Jeanne M Bouchard born in 1929. Leonard and Mary's marriage and their daughters' births were all registered in West Ham district.

By the time the 1939 Register was taken, Leonard and his family were living in Liverpool Road, Islington, with Leonard's trade recorded as "Omnibus Conductor". He died in 1974, his death registered at Waltham Forest in the third quarter of that year,

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27 August 2016

Royal Scots Fusiliers - other rank PoWs 1914

This is an edited roll of Other Ranks serving with the Royal Scots Fusiliers who were captured by the enemy and became Prisoners of War on or before the 25th December 1914. Read more about this data source on my 1914 PoWs page.

This data has been transcribed from a single source held at the Imperial War Museum, namely B.O.2 1/297  My full transcription (not reproduced here) also contains the following information against some or all of the names:

Home address
Date of capture
Date of repatriation
Next of kin
Next of kin's address
Transcriber's notes

There are 462 names on this list and you can buy a copy of it
 as a download or CD for £20. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy. 
Any errors in transcription are my own:

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9340 Corporal H Adams 
6340 Private J Adams 
6360 Private J Adeno 
6466 Private James Airlie 
8516 Private W Alder 
10537 Private J Alexander 
10173 Private T K Allan 
4647 Private A Anderson 
7809 Private C H Archer 
10450 Private P Arnott 
7362 Private J Auld 
8981 Private G Bailey 
6278 Private W Baillie 
10302 Private H Baird 
7895 Corporal W Bambridge 
10705 Private T Bathe 
9110 Private J T Batt 
8063 Private W Baxter 
7754 Sergeant J Bedford 
10819 Private Henry Beinstadt 
10213 Lance-Corporal H Bell 
10015 Private J Bell 
6830 Lance-Corporal T Bell 
8506 Private W Bell 
4771 Private A H Bellmaine 
6060 Private T Bemrose 
8345 Private J Bennett 
8343 Private G W Berry 
9475 Private R Berry 
8473 Private Alexander Blair 
8145 Private J Bowie 
8323 Private Percy Bowsher 
7421 Private Robert Brabrook 
8247 Private J Brakewell 
10453 Private J Bray 
8496 Private P J Breadon 
10452 Corporal C A Brewer 
6418 Private J Brown 
6456 Private William Brown 
7963 Pte G Brunt 
6615 Private J Brydon 
10206 Private J Bryle 
5487 Private J Buchanan 
6446 Sergeant H G Bucher
9877 Private John Buckett 
8883 Private A Bunce 
5898 Private T Burne 
10067 Private T Burns
9299 Lance-Corporal R Burrows 
9399 Private Edward F OR Edgar F Burt 
9052 Private H Burt 
8929 Corporal H B Butcher 
8877 Private W Butler 
9624 Sergeant E Cable 
6145 Private J Cairns
9948 Sergeant T Cairns 
6687 Private J Caldwell 
10847 Private G Campbell 
7430 Private H Campbell 
9584 Private James Campbell 
6016 Private Rodger Campbell 
10654 Corporal T Capewell
9964 Private Alexander Carnehan 
10372 Private J C Carney 
6684 Private H Cassidy 
7748 Private J E Chatterton 
7667 Private T Christie 
9466 Private G T Clark 
7882 Private John Clark 
8948 Private W Clark 
7485 Corporal F Clarke 
6462 Private J Clarke 
10255 Lance-Corporal E Coleman 
9625 Private J Collins 
6427 Acting Corporal T Collins 
6700 Private J Connolly 
10512 Private H Conroy 
6321 Private F G Cooper 
9192 Private F J Cooper 
9228 Private J Cooper 
8890 Sergeant Cornhill 
8812 Corporal A Cornish 
10741 Private A Coultart 
9966 Private A C Courtney 
6267 Private H Coyle 
10515 Private T Coyle 
9680 Private J Craig 
7995 Private J Critchlow 
10225 Corporal J E Cront 
10620 Private H Cross 
9840 Private W E Cruickshank 
9017 Private A Currell 
5591 Private J Currie 
11034 Private L Cutler 
6524 Private Ernest H Dagless 
7779 Corporal M Dalaney 
7660 Lance-Corporal W Dalby 
5647 Private W J Dallas 
10135 Private Felix Darcey 
8891 Private W Daury 
10540 Private Frederick De Rome 
8501 Private G Dearman 
7999 Private P C Defrates 
7021 Private M Dempsey 
9602 Private W Dennitto 
10116 Lance-Corporal D Dickie 
8917 Private J A Dillon 
10354 Private C Disckson 
6693 Private J Dobson 
10360 Private S Dodwell 
8244 Private D Donaldson 
8828 Private J Donaldson 
7782 Private J Donnelly 
7492 Private A Douglas 
6723 Private Joseph A Dowling 
6904 Private Arthur Downs 
9961 Private A Drinkwater 
10032 Private L Drury 
9036 Private W S Dudley 
9071 Lance-Corporal W Duffield 
8935 Private T Duffy 
8554 Private A Duncan 
8740 Lance-Sergeant D Duncan 
11077 Private J Duncan 
8321 Private W Duncan 
9717 Private J W J Dye
 9211 Private H Early 
8205 Private H East 
4453 Private J Easton 
7319 Private J Eaton 
6847 Private J Eaton 
8422 Sergeant F Edlin 
7216 Private R Edwards 
9279 Private C Elgram 
8057 Private W Ellam 
9027 Private J Elliott 
7007 Private J Ellis 
10967 Private G Elwell 
Private W A Emery 
9267 Drummer J English 
10401 Private E Fahy 
8007 Private A Fairclough 
8412 Lance-Corporal S E Fanes 
7971 Private H Farrow 
10153 Private J Fegan 
5202 Private S Fegan 
9439 Private J Feilding 
9981 Private G Fensome 
10780 Private A Fergus 
7701 Private J Ferguson 
10417 Private J Ferguson 
9251 Private T Fisher 
10836 Private W Fisher 
10535 Private J Fitzpatrick 
10823 Private R Flemming 
6364 Private G Forsyth 
9576 Private A Franklin 
9007 Private F Franklin
 8016 Private J Franks 
7515 Private J Fraser 
10844 Private J Frew 
10721 Private E Friary 
9838 Private A Fyfe 
8579 Private R Gallagher 
9959 Lance-Corporal R Gardener 
10629 Corporal T J Gaynor 
5656 Private W H George 
10275 Private T Gibb 
10744 Private R Gibson 
8084 Private P Gilmore 
10773 Private David Girvan 
8675 Private E Glanville 
10323 Private W Glenn 
10748 Lance-Corporal Albert Gobell 
6617 Private F Gorman 
9938 Lance-Corporal P G Gorringe 
10259 Private J Gough 
9111 Private F Goulder 
6138 Private G Graham 
8660 Private J Graham 
9167 Lance-Corporal J Greenwood 
8054 Private A Gregg 
8556 Private G Grieve 
7898 Private J Guest 
8218 Private J H Hall 
10962 Private Harold Halliday 
10603 Private W Halliman 
9153 Private J Hamilton 
7372 Private J Hannan 
11071 Corporal William Hanslip 
8070 Private James Hardie 
10627 Private Thomas Harris 
10827 Private Harold Hemm 
10469 Private A Henderson 
9456 Private R Henderson 
8882 Private A R Herbert 
8059 Private S Hern 
10304 Private Edwin Hodson 
5874 Private Harry Holdsworth 
9436 Private W Holsgrove 
7013 Sergeant William W Home 
7961 Private Frederick G Hooper 
6894 Private Joseph Hopkins
10860 Private D Horne 
10384 Private A Howell 
9002 Private Richard Howell 
9078 Private G Hudson 
7907 Private George Hudson 
6533 Private Andrew Huldberg 
Private D Hume 
10129 Private A Hunter 
7010 Private R Hunter 
10438 Private W Hunter 
6277 Private Thomas Hutton 
8017 Private W Inglis 
5310 CQMS A Johnston 
6568 Corporal E Johnston 
9513 Private P Johnston 
 8502 Lance-Corporal J J Johnstone 
8442 Private S Johnstone 
6234 Private W Johnstone 
9688 Private T Jukes 
9794 Corporal W T Jupp 
7340 Private H Keir 
7266 Private T Kelly 
11092 Private J Kennedy 
9207 Private E J Kent 
9482 Private J Kimber 
10029 Private L Kimberley 
9287 Private A J J King 
10215 Private G King 
7185 Corporal P King 
5167 Private John Kinnon 
6630 Private J Kirkham 
6826 Private T Kirkland 
10338 Corporal W Kirkland 
9559 Private J Kydd 
7749 Private G Langdown 
8051 Private G H Laurence 
9100 Private A Lawrence 
9577 Lance-Corporal Thomas H Ledgett 
7745 Private P Lennox 
10994 Private A Lester 
8853 Private P Lewis 
8756 Private E Lightheart 
7432 Private J Little 
9872 Bandsman J N Lock 
6519 Private Thomas Lonie 
8171 Private P Love 
7122 Private S Lunt 
10146 Private D Lyle 
6635 Private E Lynas 
8714 Private A Mackenzie 
8174 Private G Malone 
9028 Private H Malone 
7950 Private J Mann 
6148 Private W Mann 
9700 Private T Manners 
7146 Private W J Marsh 
11098 Private G J Marshall 
9919 Lance-Sergeant A C Martin 
1108 Private G Martin 
8880 Private G F Martin 
7179 Private A Mathieson 
8679 Private W May 
7840 Private J McArthur 
7472 Corporal P McAulay 
10490 Private D McCallum 
10498 Private M McCallum 
8222 Private J McCann 
9929 Private George McClarnon 
7062 Private J McClement 
6845 Private A McClure 
8841 Private R McCutcheon 
9519 Private William McDermott 
7407 Private F McDonald 
6870 Private J McDonald
10293 Private R McDonald 
9459 Private J McDonough
9511 Private A McDougall 
8876 Private A G McEwan 
10226 Private A McGarva 
10485 Private J McGinlay 
9696 Private W McGregor 
8191 Private W McGuigan 
8629 Private A McIntyre 
10086 Private P McKay 
9004 Private L F McKeever 
10237 Private John McKerrow 
9467 Private W McKinn 
10919 Private H McLaughlan 
7730 Private D McMillan 
10262 Acting Sergeant Robert McNaught 
10218 Private Edward McNeill 
10558 Private A McRoberts 
10451 Private John McRosty 
7361 Private G McWalter 
6342 Acting Sergeant W Mead 
8294 Lance-Corporal G E Mealing 
7295 Private A Meechan
6697 Private A M Meikle 
7841 Private John Meiklejohn 
10568 Private A Menzies 
10230 Private E S Meredith 
5919 Sergeant G W Metcalfe 
8475 Private W T Miles 
6015 Private A Miller 
6579 Private J Miller 
7451 Private W Miller 
9508 Private D Mitchell 
5754 CSM D Mitchell 
10578 Private W Montgomery 
9971 Private R Moore 
8355 Private W E Morley 
9932 Private S Morris 
8064 Private F Mortimer 
7088 Private Ernest W H Mower 
9588 Private Joseph Muirhead 
9629 Private H Mungall
8644 Private W Murray 
7778 Private G Nash 
8509 Private J Nathan 
10362 Private J Navrie 
6384 Private R Nelson 
7484 Private Thomas Nerney 
9953 Private C H Newall 
8230 Corporal C H Newport 
10227 Private H Nineham 
8892 Private Thomas G Niner 
4788 Sergeant Arthur Norman 
8049 Private J O'Brien 
7736 Private W O'Connor 
9791 Private John Orman 
8515 Private James Ormerod 
9077 Lance-Corporal S Osborne 
10347 Private Edward Owen 
9666 Private S Owen 
6180 Private Philip James Packer 
6987 Private J Parker 
9390 Private H A D Patterson 
9380 Lance-Corporal W Patterson 
10572 Private A Peibles 
8976 Private William J A Perkins 
9607 Private M Philomay 
11009 Private G Phipps 
9443 Lance-Corporal S Picton 
10846 Private A Polson 
6915 Private Frederick Powell 
9956 Private T Powell 
10245 Private A J Pyne 
8597 Private A Quail 
10365 Private J Quigley 
6628 Private J Quin 
7453 Private T Rainbird 
10392 Private T Rattray 
9314 Private A E Razey 
8363 Private F Read 
10268 Private John Reilly 
8580 Private M Reilly 
10103 Lance-Sergeant A Reppington 
10192 Lance-Corporal J Richardson 
10609 Corporal S J Ricketts 
9914 Lance-Corporal Percy Riddle 
10279 Private Hugh Riley 
11001 Private S J Riley 
10517 Private W Ritchie 
6948 Sergeant T G Roberts 
6447 Private J Roberts 
 9328 Private J Robertson 
10659 Private J Robertson 
10765 Private T Robertson 
10559 Corporal W Robertson 
9832 Private James Robson 
10881 Private Arthur E Rogers 
10115 Private W Ross 
9367 Private J Roxburgh 
10488 Private Edward Ryder 
8086 Private C Sadler 
10231 Private H Samms 
10248 Private A Savage 
10647 Private J Scallon 
9733 Private J H Scarborough 
6661 Private T Scott 
6421 Private J Shields 
8441 Private Joseph Shulver 
10503 Private C W G Shuttle 
10216 Private W Siddons 
7333 Private J Simpson 
8618 Private P Sinclair 
7881 Private J Slaven 
10611 Private David Slavin 
6649 Private J Sloan 
7896 Private H Smith 
8927 Private H J Smith 
9653 Lance-Corporal H J Smith 
7833 Private J Smith 
10792 Corporal J Smith 
5511 Private R Smith 
7318 Private W Smith 
10188 Private W E Smith 
7926 Lance-Corporal H Smythe 
7153 Private J G Southern 
8053 Private T Southern 
8402 Private M H Stanborough 
9256 Private C Starkie 
10399 Private J Steedman 
6756 Private P Steele 
5344 Private Sydney B Stephens 
7861 Private A Stevens 
6897 Private M Summers 
8916 Private F W Sutton 
9621 Private D Tait 
9744 Private J Taylor 
9015 Private A Thompson 
6004 Private E Thomson 
8158 Private S Thomson 
9665 Private T Thomson 
9421 Private W Thomson
6414 Private D Thonbull 
9181 Private Albert Thorn 
8555 Private John Thornton 
9690 Private F T Threadgould 
9226 Lance-Corporal J H Thurstow 
7495 Private P A Titmas 
10878 Private J J Treadway 
6733 Private H Tucknott 
Private Alexander Turner 
7801 Private J Turner 
9830 Private J Urquhart 
9066 Lance-Corporal T Varley 
10889 Private J Venable 
10461 Private R Vernon 
9042 Private A Vincent 
8023 Private G Walker 
10301 Private J Walker 
8508 Lance-Corporal J Wallace 
10396 Private J Walls 
6560 Private E Ward 
8284 Lance-Corporal F Ward 
8337 Private J Warner 
5375 Private C Warren 
7856 Private H Watson 
16138 Private J H Watson 
9681 Private T Watson
8739 Sergeant W Watson 
5455 Private J Watt 
8919 Private A Weaving 
7755 Lance-Corporal H Whittington 
9132 Private H Wiggs 
11091 Private J Wightman 
8905 Private F Wilkinson 
6502 Private J Wilkinson 
6359 Private M Wilkinson 
8207 Private G Williams 
9807 Private P Williamson 
8075 Private A Wilson 
7265 Private J Wilson 
9530 Private T Wilson 
10857 Private T Wishart 
8893 Private George A Withers 
10641 Private E A Wood 
10700 Private J Wrigley