20 July 2015

The worst possible year to join the British Army


I have a huge admiration for the British Army in general and for the late Victorian and early twentieth century British Army in particular. However, I wonder just how many men, when they were signing up as regulars in the 1890s and 1900s, bothered to read the small print of their attestation papers, and in particular, the following clause which could add an extra year to their terms of service and make it an unlucky thirteen:

 
Typical terms of enlistment were 12 years, served as a combination of colour service and reserve service. How much colour service and reserve service a man served was dependent on the corps with which he served and the year when he enlisted. Typical terms of service for the infantry from the mid 1900s was 7&5: seven years with the colours and five on the reserve. For most men, this actually meant eight years with the colours and four on the reserve because the period of colour service was extended by a year if the man happened to be serving overseas - and most regulars would have been serving overseas.
 
But to get to my point, I have often thought that of all the years that a man could have chosen to enlist, the year 1903 must have ranked among the worst. For a start, the terms of enlistment for the infantry had been reduced to 3&9: three years with the colours and nine years on the reserve. That would have meant that under normal, peacetime, circumstances, a man's obligation to the Crown would have ended in 1915.  However, Britain's declaration of war on Germany in 1914 changed all that.
 
Let's take a hypothetical example of a man enlisting in a county regiment in April 1903. He signs up for 3&9 and after 18 months training in the UK, is shipped out to India, returning to the UK in April 1907 prior to transfer to the Army Reserve. He obtains civil employment and, by August 1914, he's remembering his service in India seven years earlier and at the same time looking forward to the termination of his first period of engagement in April 1915 when 'the balloon goes up'. He is immediately recalled to the colours.
 
For a start, despite his annual training obligations, he's a little rusty in matters of the army. Furthermore, if he thought that his recall would only be until his 12-year commitment had been fulfilled, he'd forgotten (or maybe not been made fully aware of) the clause above which automatically extended his service for a further 12 months. This 'bounty year', which a number of veterans explained to me when I met them in the 1980s and 1990s, must have been a most unwelcome surprise for many.  Furthermore, by the time the bounty year had expired there would have been another surprise in store.
 
 
The Military Services Act had been introduced in January 1916 and conscription had been in force since 2nd March that year. Our April 1903 recruit, having completed his 12 + 1 years' service would now be liable for further service under the Military Services Act, and I have come across many records which show this unfortunate path. If he was lucky and managed to survive, our 1903 recruit may not have finally been discharged from the army until 1919 or 1920, some five or six years later than he may originally have computed. I wonder, having been along that path, how many men of those 1903 men chose to extend their service to complete 21 years and therefore obtain a pension for their efforts.
 
Captain Bruce Bairnsfather's Old Bill courtesy of The Old Bill Newsletter and Wikipedia.

11 July 2015

Unpicking the 1911 census


If there's one thing I've learned over the years of studying the British Army, and regimental numbers in particular, it's that there is usually method in the madness. It just requires de-coding.

The 1911 census is a wonderful resource for anyone with an interest in the British regular army which would, to a large degree, form part of the regular element of the BEF of 1914 and to a lesser degree, part of the regular element of the MEF of 1915. Here we have not only those units that happened to be in England and Wales when the census was taken on Sunday 2nd April, but also those that were stationed overseas as well. I personally find it easier to search these overseas' records on Findmypast, and here's how I do it.

1. Go to the A-Z search and type 1911 in the search box. The 1911 Census is the first result that appears:

 
2. Click on the 1911 Census and in the screen that follows, start typing Overseas Military in the County field. As you type, the words Overseas Military will appear.
 
 

3. Click on the blue Overseas Military text and see it transform into a lozenge beneath the county box. This means that you have now successfully selected this criterion:
 
 
4. Now click on the search button to reveal just how many British soldiers, serving overseas with the British Army, are at your fingertips:
 
So to recap, this figure is for men serving outside England, Wales, the Channel Islands, Scotland and Ireland. To find men stationed at garrisons in England, Wales and the Channel Islands you'll need to run separate searches on the England and Wales Census. To find men in Scotland and Ireland you'll need to search the census returns for those two countries.
 
In any event, enough of the preamble. There was no uniformity of form-filling when it came to enumerating the British Army overseas. Some returns were completed alphabetically by surname; others by longevity of service; others in company order. Officers may be enumerated with their companies or enumerated separately. Pre-war trades and professions are recorded, in error, against some names and many men may be recorded more than once: on their regimental return and also when they appear as part of a detachment on a training course in another of His Majesty's far-flung outposts.
 
Remember too, that on many of these returns there is useful information to be found on the address page that may not have been indexed.  Going back to our results' page of 135,853 results, I clicked on the second name that appeared: Andrews. In actual fact, "Andrews" has been indexed as the forename but as the image reveals, this is of course the man's last name.
 
We see that this is 7955 Rifleman Andrews and - unusually - that his regimental number and all the regimental numbers for men of the Royal Irish Rifles have also been recorded.  Now click on the "Related Images" option at the bottom of the screen and on the menu that appears, click on the Address option.
 
 
The resulting image gives us another piece of additional information: the company he was serving with:
 
Note that companies are not always recorded so clearly, and many companies are not actually identified at all, but it is worthwhile going over this address page with a fine toothcomb as there may be small pen or pencil annotations which can provide vital clues.
 
For this post though, I want to focus on the 2nd Battalion of the Leicestershire Regiment which, at first sight, appears to have recorded its soldiers in a random fashion. That is, until you start to look a little more closely at the ages of the men and start cross referencing the names against other surviving military records. Again, I use Findmypast to check records in WO 363, WO 364 and the pre-war WO 97 series and also the medal index cards index on The National Archives' site. I could run the same search on Findmypast's version of the MICs but I just find it easier and quicker to use the National Archives' option.
 
 
Here we can see already that a pattern is emerging. The lowest regimental number that I found was 2308 for 40-year-old Frank Hebb who had joined the regiment in May 1888. Next on the list is 2703 Alfred Higgs who joined the regiment in November 1889, and so on. All these annotated men on the screenshot above have surviving service records in WO 97.
 
Moving further along through the returns, it becomes easier and easier to find men and start building a picture of how long they had been serving with the regiment. There are thirty lines per page and by the time I reached men who had enlisted in 1908 I was finding the majority of these men on medal index cards:
 
 
Furthermore, because the Leicestershire Regiment was so fastidious in recording men in order of seniority of service, it becomes possible to fill in regimental numbers for some men even if they have no surviving service record or MIC. In the example above, if William Derry was number 8322 and Albert Black was number 8324, the man in the middle - Frederick Thomas Wheeler - can only have been 8323. Using this logic, I have been able to fill in numbers for men who have no surviving paperwork at all.
 
As for ascertaining the year that these men joined, you have three options:
 
1. Use the resources on this blog to gauge an approximate year of enlistment
3. Do the donkey work yourself.
 
As far as the Leicesters are concerned, these men stationed at Fort St George, Madras had a huge range of experience - from the old hand like Frank Hebb with nearly 23 years of service under his belt, to 8965 Edwin Day who had only joined the regiment in 1910.
 
Following Edwin Day's entry comes a mixed bag of 15 men, who were possibly languishing in the infirmary, and then the schoolmaster and armourer sergeant. Last but not least come the 27 officers, beginning with 49-year-old Lt-Colonel Lionel Copley Shearer and ending up with a somewhat seasoned second lieutenant and widower, 46-year-old Walter Frederick Hammond. 
 
Screenshots on this page courtesy of Findmypast and The National Archives. The man at the top of this post is 9732 Stan Brown who was a youngster with the 1st Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment in Ireland when Britain went to war in August 1914. Had he joined a little earlier, and had Britain gone to war in 1915 rather than 1914, Stan would have joined these men of the 2nd Leicestershire Regiment in India. As it was he, along with other young and inexperienced troops, augmented by reservists, were first out to the continent in September 1914 whilst the 2nd Battalion did not arrive back from overseas (via Suez) until October 1914. Such was the scenario repeated throughout the British Army. You can read more about Stan's war on my WW1 Veterans Blog.
 
For help with your own regimental numbering or military research conundrums, check out my military research service.

28 June 2015

The Household Battalion


The Household Battalion was an infantry battalion formed from reserve units of the Household Cavalry: 1st Life Guards, 2nd Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards. It was formed on 1st September 1916 and filled rapidly. Numbers 1 to 1234, for instance, all date to 1st September, and a reserve battalion was already recruiting by October 1916. I pick the story up below in October 1916, the small sample on this blog post running until September 1917:

1469 joined on 18th October 1916
1574 joined on 4th November 1916
1885 joined on 10th November 1916
2088 joined on 2nd December 1916
2484 joined on 4th January 1917
2671 joined on 17th February 1917
2689 joined on 28th March 1917
2704 joined on 5th April 1917
3163 joined on 20th May 1917
3285 joined on 12th July 1917
3485 joined on 6th August 1917
3604 joined on 3rd September 1917


The photos on this post show (top) men of the Household Battalion prior to departure for France in 1916 and (above) officers of the Household Battalion at Richmond Camp in 1916. Both photos were originally published by The Daily Mail.

For help with your own regimental numbering or military research conundrums, check out my military research service.

14 June 2015

Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment - PoW Other Ranks 1914


The roll-call below is of men who were serving with Royal West Kent Regiment when they became prisoners of war of the Germans on or before Christmas Day 1914. There are 158 names in this list; significantly fewer losses sustained by some other regiments but still representing a serious loss of trained soldiers. They were all men that that British Army could ill-afford to lose. You can read more about this Prisoner of War data source on my 1914 PoWs page.

This data has been transcribed from a single source held at the Imperial War Museum:

B.O.2 1/132 is 4-page, typed list sent by No 2 Infantry Record Office, Staines Road, Hounslow, dated 14th January 1919  


My full transcription of this Royal West Kent Regiment Prisoners of War roll call of other ranks (not reproduced here) also contains the men's home addresses.

I have transcribed the records as they were written at the time. Note that the majority of the numbers should correctly have been prefixed with the letter L/ indicating regular enlistment. The one obvious exception is John Bailey whose three-digit number, 522, stood out like a sore thumb. On checking, I realised that his correct number was S/522, indicating that he was a member of the Special Reserve.

As far as the other men are concerned, the longest serving man here is L/4493 William Cridland whose number dates to November 1895. The newest recruit is 10243 Private F C Thomas whose regimental number indicates that he joined eighteen years later than William Cridland, in November 1913. I shall be pleased to receive for publication on this post, any other additional information or photographs of any of these men.

7953 Private J Allen
10079 Private J Allen
9748 Private J T Arnold
10002 Private J Ashton
5819 Private A J Bailey
10031 Private E Baker
6132 Private H Baldwin
S/522 Private John Baldwin
7780 Private A R Bashford
8779 Lance-Corporal D Beeshahan
8064 Lance-Corporal H C Bellfield
7752 Private T Bishop
8050 Private P Bramble
10021 Private W Bridger
5733 Private G Bristow
9305 Private T Brockwell
10066 Lance-Corporal E W Brown
9654 Private F H Bull
5918 Private H Bullard
8030 Private W Carden
6098 Corporal H Chapman
9815 Private W Christie
8069 Private H Clark
9144 Private A P Clarke
8760 Bandsman H J Claxton
5540 Private W A Cole
10012 Private A A E Collins
6651 Private B Cook
9899 Private H Cooksay
8076 Private E Cousins
8282 Private H Coveney
6801 Private J Cox
6309 Private H Coxhead
4493 Private W Cridland
10056 Private J J Curtis
6571 Private J H Dinsdale
7350 Private J W Dodd
9770 Private C Donald
7661 Corporal H Donaldson
6806 Private J Donovan
7688 Private T L Dow
9752 Private W C Dyke
7855 Private G J Ely
7287 Private A Etherington
7712 Lance-Corporal H Farbridge
6724 Sergeant W T Fermer
10090 Lance-Corporal A E Field
9379 Private H Fife
10150 Private R Fitzgerald
8006 Private H Fletcher
5879 Private J T Foster
8254 Private A Friend
8173 Private J Goldsmith
6729 Private J Grady
7873 Private A W Graham
6799 Private F Haigh
8371 Private W H Hall
8986 Private J Handyside
5824 Private C Harden
7945 Private W Harris
8116 Private J W Harrison
9811 Lance-Corporal W F C Harrison
7639 Private J Hart
7899 Private W G Hay
9888 Private J F Hemmings
7962 Private A Higgins
9546 Private H Hilton
7353 Private G Homewood
7275 Private M Hopkins
7383 Private T E Hunt
8024 Colour-Sergeant A H Hutchings
10017 Private T Jackson
10016 Private J Jobson
6686 Private G Johnson
9859 Private G Johnson
9723 Private J Jupp
9674 Private T Kensett
8931 Private H Kent
8965 Private H Woods
9755 Private F A King
8742 Lance-Corporal W Kitchen
7542 Private W Langridge
6499 Private W Little
9956 Private W G Long
9065 Private W Longhurst
7139 Private C G Lovell
8150 Private W Ludlow
7784 Private R D Mantell
10019 Private W Marchant
7272 Private F J Marshal
9122 Private J McCarthy
9483 Private F W Mercer
6684 Private W J Miles
8367 Private A F Moody
4690 Private F Morris
6757 Private T Murphy
8434 Private W Needham
9563 Private J W Newland
5548 Private J W Organ
7285 Private J Packham
7136 Private H Pass
6186 Private P E Pay
8003 Private J T Pearson
10054 Corporal E J Peill
5562 Private A Perkins
7268 Private F Pike
5698 Private H F Pope
6074 Lance-Corporal A J Price
7490 Private A R Price
7189 Private F Pryer
10059 Private J V Pryer
7964 Private T Pryer
8730 Private H F Quinn
8468 Private W H Rigby
6658 Private W Riley
7486 Private T Ritfield
7697 Private J V Rowe
9932 Private E Russell
6388 Private G T Samuels
7887 Private A Savage
9767 Private E G Scott
9724 Driver R W Seager
8312 Sergeant R Sewell
8107 Lance-Corporal A Sheppard
6688 Private W Sipthorpe
5397 Private A Smith
10205 Private E Smith
9695 Lance-Corporal H G Smith
7384 Private J J Spicer
9920 Private C Spreadborough
10215 Private T E Standen
8638 Private W Standen
8848 Sergeant J H Sterry
7907 Private G W Stewart
8664 Corporal F J Strong
7295 Private J Sullivan
9649 Private R Sweet
10243 Private F C Thomas
9734 Private G T Thomas
10046 Private A Thompson
10224 Private C A Tong
10055 Private A W Towns
10013 Private W Trice
7460 Private A Tucker
6489 Sergeant E W Turmer
7481 Private J Tyler
7352 Private A Waghorne
7795 Private H Wallace
9999 Private F J Wallis
5680 Private C Warner
10113 Private G J Webb
9463 Private H Wells
5830 Private J Westlake
8238 Private J S Whitehead
8773 Private J T Wilkins
5092 Private H G Williams
9739 Private J Woolhead
8160 Private J J Worsell

For help with your own regimental numbering or military research conundrums, check out my military research service.

6 June 2015

Middlesex Regiment - PoW Other Ranks 1914


The men listed below were all serving with The Middlesex Regiment, when they became prisoners of war of the Germans on or before Christmas Day 1914. There are 397 names in this list - the equivalent of nearly four companies, or half a battalion under the old eight-company system. Remember that these were trained men, regular soldiers who the British Army could ill-afford to lose. You can read more about this Prisoner of War data source on my 1914 PoWs page.

This data has been transcribed from the following sources held at the Imperial War Museum:

B.O.2 1/224: a 12-page typed and undated document. No clues as to sender or recipient.
B.O.2 1/226: a 6-page hand-written document on official Army Form B.104-115, used to report PoWs.  This form introduced as a result of Army Council Instruction 277 of February 1916.

Some of the men appear on both of these lists and those that do usually have slight variations in their regimental numbers (224 tends to omit the L/ prefix whilst 226 is more fastidious). Most of the men here would have been regular soldiers rather than special reserve but I have not attempted to correct these hundred-year old lists.

My full transcription of this Middlesex Regiment Prisoners of War roll call of other ranks (not reproduced here) also contains some or all of the following: battalion, home address, next of kin address, date of capture, additional notes and remarks. 

Any errors in transcription are my own.

14604 Private H Abbott
8135 Private J Adcock
6616 Private O R Addison
L/9064 Private Alfred Aglington
10811 Private P W Ainsworth
14479 Private R Aldridge
14182 Private J W Alexander
14184 Private H Allgrove
4640 Private A Alvin
9351 Private A C Amis
13801 Lance-Corporal W Amor
L/8473 Private Walter R Amor
L/11930 Private Archibald Annison
9674 Private A Argent
12654 Private E A Arnold
L/10325 Private William Arthurs
10788 Private A Ashley
10136 Lance-Corporal W F Austin
11492 Corporal A Baker
14534 Private A J Baker
14614 Bandsman J H Barnes
11454 Private A Bateman
6676 Private A Baxley
7549 Sergeant Robert J Bayley
10587 Private C Beal
6571 Private A Bennett
10946 Lance-Corporal A S Bennett
L/9248 Private Edward Bennett
9666 Private T H Bennett
9889 Private G Benton
14201 Private J H Berning
L/10539 Lance-Corporal T W Berry
12462 Private J H Bevan
10502 Lance-Corporal C H Bish
10470 Private H Bloomberg
9216 Private John T Bond
9256 Private Thomas H Bond
6495 Private H Boorer
13996 Private W J Bosworth
9840 Private R Bourlett
11717 Lance-Corporal H C Bourne
L/9829 Private G Boyce
9939 Lance-Corporal W A Braine
9789 Private W Braxear
L/8843 Private George L Brazier
14518 Private T H Breach
14574 Private H L Brine
9778 Private J Britton
14419 Private H Broadbridge
12666 Private C Brockington
6208 Private F A Brooker
10063 Private F Broom
8108 Private A Brown
9334 Private A E Brown
L/11059 Bandsman Herbert Bryant
8170 Private W R Bryant
9210 Private H Buckles
12703 Corporal S D Bullen
14397 Private W T Burgin
L/11707 Private Stephen J Burkinshaw
L/8315 Private W Byers
9175 Bandsman F Byford
14097 Lance-Corporal C S Carey
13201 Corporal J Carter
10418 Corporal W N Carter
13125 Corporal S C Carvell
9743 Private J Cassie
13113 Corporal J B Caughlin
13406 Private J Challis
13427 Private W Champ
10221 Lance-Corporal A G Chapman
14692 Private J A Checkley
11621 Private E A Chenery
14340 Private F A Clark
7746 Private G Clark
14165 Private H G Clark
14601 Private E P Clinton
6914 Private T S Colisson
L/9416 Private G F Collett
L/8601 Private W Collins
9344 Private H Collyer
11920 Private C Connelly
L/7366 Private W Connor
11280 Private H Constable
8474 Private A Cook
L/10637 Private R Corker
14554 Private J Cornwall
13039 Corporal W Couper
9835 Private W Coussins
9922 Private C R Cox
14504 Private J Craven
8663 Private A Crawdy
10340 Private R C Creedon
9696 Private E J Crowe
L/6793 Private G H Crown
10698 Private C W Curling
7748 Private H R Curling
L/11319 Private G Daley
10445 Private H W Dande
9569 Private E H Daniels
11422 Private W A Darling
13753 Private P Darville
6910 Private A E Davis
14593 Lance-Corporal H H Dawson
9138 Corporal L L Day
13324 Private J E Daynes
14629 Private W E Deal
10586 Private G Dean
10318 Private J A Dean
14352 Private E Denmark
13537 Private F W Denty
13275 Lance-Corporal J F Dicks
L/9761 Private Albert E Dickson
11199 Private F Diver
8990 Private H E Dixon
8144 Private E Dodd
11142 Private J P Dorgan
L/11142 Private James P Dorgan
6002 CSM G Downes
10157 Private A E Eade
8896 Private N Eckstein
13825 Lance-Corporal J Eldrett
7415 Private J Eley
7483 Private W Ellis
7351 Private J Emery
8714 Private J M Exley
14345 Private W A Fairhurst
11572 Private H T Field
L/11572 Private H T Field
14499 Private E M Fleming
8862 Private W J Fleming
8535 Private H Floyd
10834 Private W A Ford
L/10834 Private W G Ford
13434 Private E Foster
8494 Private E Fowler
14750 Private G Fowler
9016 Private H Francis
13959 Private J Frew
14611 Private W Frost
13013 Private B J Furman
12816 Private E Gante
L/12129 Private John T Garland
13766 Private F C Garrett
9904 Corporal G Garrett
L/9999 Private William Geyer
L/10431 Private H J Gibbs
9771 Private H Gilbert
14524 Private V Gilbert
L/5989 Private T Girdlestone
7994 Private A Glinwood
8266 Private H Gold
14625 Private S P Golding
11184 Private A Gookey
L/8296 Private H Gould
L/11287 Private H Gould
14234 Private H A Grace
9650 Private G W Graham
9094 Private S Grant
14130 CSM H J Gray
14357 Private C Green
14065 Private E L Green
9135 Corporal F E Green
8944 Private W Green
9788 Private W Green
L/10732 Private William Grimmer
L/7433 Private Walter Groening
14056 Private W S Gurney
9533 Private A Gurr
8233 Private J Hammerton
L/12500 Private A Harding
L/9995 Private J Hardwick
10259 Private A A Harlow
9845 Private B N Harris
9450 Private C W Head
11451 Private H Hepworth
L/11451 Private H Hepworth
12500 Private A Herring
14034 Private W H Herzog
9038 Private W C Hewlett
10713 Private A Hill
14535 Private W H Hillier
14450 Private F C Hills
9613 Private A H Hinton
14181 Private W J Holland
10939 Sergeant J Horner
14760 Private A H Hort
9824 Private G E Howe
8270 Private A Hudson
6868 Private W T Hunter
6086 Private W Huntingford
9735 Private A Impey
11227 Private A Jackson
9255 Private W Jarvis
14078 Private A Jenn
14686 Private W I Johnson
12322 Private G T Jolly
14623 Private E Jones
L/14721 Private W A D Jones
14721 Private W R Jones
11172 Sergeant G H Kelly
10503 Lance-Corporal E G Kemp
14723 Private F Kemp
13397 Private T J Kemp
L/10549 Private C W Ketley
8760 Private A King
L/6285 Private F King
6385 Private J King
11256 Private C Kirby
5949 Private C Kirby
6913 Private J H Kitchen
L/6913 Private J H Kitchen
13422 Private S J Knight
11000 Private A Latham
L/11333 Private Henry J Lattimore
6318 Private E G Lawrence
6635 Lance-Sergeant P Lawson
10030 Private T Laxton
L/13682 Private W H Layton
14447 Private E J Lentz
6694 Private J H Leslie
L/11057 Private H Lodgman
L/14711 Private A J Ludlow
6493 Private F Maddocks
10158 Private M Malone
8257 Private H F Manning
8488 Private F E Mardling
11375 Private C Marley
5631 Private A Marshall
14557 Private A J Matthews
8650 Private F G Maxted
10929 Lance-Corporal E May
14446 Private F C May
10742 Private W McNeff
11498 Private A P B Meakin
9129 Private J G H Meredew
9396 Private G W Merriott
10878 Corporal H Miller
7599 Private J J Miller
8546 Private W L Moffat
10940 Private A W Money
6862 Private C Moore
L/10845 Private F Moore
L/11890 Private R B Moore
14477 Private W Moore
14087 Bandsman J Morgan
12793 Lance-Corporal T J Morgan
14714 Private W Morgan
L/14714 Private W Morgan
8553 Private H Mott
13718 Private W Mulroy
L/13718 Private W Mulroy
8057 Private W F Mulvihill
L/11687 Bandsman J Murphy
12310 Private T J Naylor
11757 Private E J Norman
13675 Private G North
8523 Private J Oakley
10246 Private T E Oakley
L/12858 Drummer J O'Neill
14571 Private S C Otley
8044 Private A Page
L/14409 Private A C Palmer
14409 Private A E Palmer
12553 Private E C Palmer
13970 Private F H Palmer
10316 Acting Corporal W Panton
L/10316 Lance-Corporal W Parton
9319 Private A Payne
10723 Private J H S Payne
L/9940 Private William H Payton
14144 Private J Pelley
5777 Lance-Corporal E C Pember
11833 Lance-Corporal E C Penney
L/14381 Private John J Percival
7845 Private J Perry
13660 Private J O Pettitt
8999 Lance-Corporal C A Pierce
10128 Private J Pimm
10287 Private T Piper
10798 Corporal A Playford
14343 Private G Poulter
10512 Private F Powell
13797 Lance-Corporal J H Pradby
12823 Corporal W H Pratt
14724 Private W H Prestridge
8676 Private J Ramsey
13798 Private A W G Ratty
14292 Private W G Rawlings
L/11570 Private W Ray
7456 Private H J Raybold
9539 Private L Razzell
L/14765 Private T R Reader
8855 Private W Redburn
14312 Private D G Regan
L/14312 Private Dennis G Regan
13184 Private F Remnant
9813 Private E A Rogers
12630 Private V F Rogers
L/11013 Private A J Rooney
11485 Private E Rudd
9486 Private T H Rudd
7970 Private R Rumbelow
L/1970 Private R Rumbelow
9675 Private J E Rumble
9382 Sergeant A H Russell
10109 Private H G Russell
12332 Private D G Ryan
11679 Private J P Ryan
14178 Private G B Ryder
13034 Lance-Corporal J L Sabbage
L/8322 Private E F Saunders
13759 Private H J Scholes
L/6224 Private H Schroder
14029 Lance-Corporal A G Scoppie
L/17742 Private P F Sculley
L/10049 Private George Sculpher
9912 Private W G Self
9080 Corporal H Sheridan
14553 Private C A Shipp
L/11433 Private W H Shropshire
13757 Private F E Sidwell
12708 Corporal T C Silverthorne
12581 Private F Simmonds
12807 Corporal J F Simmonds
L/10622 Private Ernest F Smith
11067 Private G H Smith
L/11927 Lance-Corporal George Henry Smith
L/13070 Lance-Corporal H H Smith
8095 Private R Smith
L/9680 Private S F Smith
10082 Private E Speller
6551 Private J A Spencer
L/8948 Private S Spink
14058 Lance-Corporal W Stagg
11176 Private T N Stammers
14549 Private J T Stanford
10989 Corporal J S Stanger
7673 Corporal A E Steer
10408 Private H Stevens
 Private E W Stevenson
8124 Private J Steward
6583 Private C W Stocker
14584 Private H G Strange
11155 Lance-Corporal A E Strapley
9119 Private J Sykes
9753 Private W J Tavener
8246 Private C Taylor
8558 Private F Taylor
10817 Corporal G Taylor
14177 Private G H Taylor
13978 Private J Thomas
Private T W Thomas
9935 Sergeant W C Thompson
11036 Private W Towler
8032 Private D Trail
9704 Private S Treverton
10155 Private D Tyler
14076 Private W J H Tyler
9864 Drummer H Underhill
8211 Private A Underwood
10495 Private R Vaughan
11238 Private J Veal
10602 Private E Wakeford
8720 Private A Wakeling
13061 Lance-Corporal F Wakeling
11694 Private A Wallace
10721 Lance-Corporal B O Wallace
9045 Private F J Wallace
L/8306 Private H Wallace
L/14344 Private A J Warner
6010 Private W Warr
8983 Private J H Warwick
9401 Private A E Webber
11991 Lance-Corporal S W Weight
10715 Lance-Corporal E A Welch
L/8851 Private C E Welsh
9561 Private F G West
14484 Private J West
13906 Private S A Westall
8593 Private W R Westlake
8822 Private C A Wheatley
8156 Private H E Wheatley
14655 Private C Wheeler
10822 Private F W Whiffen
10419 Private C H Whitbread
8562 Private A White
L/9934 Private Harry White
7649 Sergeant R C Whiting
L/14233 Private Frederick W W Whittington
6056 Sergeant H Wilmer
8895 Lance-Corporal F Wilson
12873 Lance-Sergeant J Wilson
11014 Private W Winn
7391 Private W Winterbourne
11509 Lance-Corporal F S Wise
10667 Private E C Wood
14687 Private A E Woods
L/9592 Private A Yardley
L/6908 Private W Young

For help with your own regimental numbering or military research conundrums, check out my military research service.

23 May 2015

Northumberland Fusiliers - PoW Other Ranks 1914


The following men were all serving with regular battalions of The Northumberland Fusiliers, when they became prisoners of war of the Germans on or before Christmas Day 1914. There are 152 names in this list. Read more about this Prisoner of War data source on my 1914 PoWs page.

This data has been transcribed from B.O.2 1/194 at the Imperial War Museum. This is a seven-page typed list of men dated 20th January 1919 and sent by the officer in charge of infantry records at York.

My full transcription of this Northumberland Fusiliers Prisoners of War roll call of other ranks (not reproduced here) also contains battalion, home address or next of kin address, additional notes and remarks.

1109 Private Philip Abthorpe
9376 Private Thomas Adams
905 Private J Anderton
7743 Private S Ashton
3/9716 Private G W Atkinson
2055 Private Albert Barnett
8047 Private J Barrass
1522 Corporal W Bosch
1835 Private H A Beighton
9215 Private T Beswick
515 Lance-Corporal J W Beatmead
2106 Lance-Corporal P Black
8809 Private J Blueitt
2427 Private J Bradley
9485 Private J F Browning
9641 Private G Burrell
1672 Private J Cain
2607 Private F Carter
958 Private Herbert Chastney
9267 Private Walter J Crouch
9965 Lance-Corporal Frederick W Crowe
9979 Private Watson Crozier
5379 Lance-Corporal J Dixon
8871 Private James Downey
1493 Private E Duck
3746 Private J W Durham
1025 Private C Edler
1427 Private A G Edwards
239 Lance-Corporal C Elmey
1379 Private P Evans
488 Private B Finnett
9143 Private J Fitchett
9235 Corporal J Franks
8793 Private H Fraser
9191 Private A Fuller
2356 Sergeant F J Gammon
3586 Private Henry Garrett
9615 Private J Gibbon
8783 Private H Gibbons
2005 Lance-Corporal R Gibbs
823 Private H Gillespie
63 Private H Gowanlock
1592 Private J T Gray
3/9160 Private G Gray
8838 Private J Green
2108 Private A Grimes
8722 Private John Grindle
9242 Lance-Corporal E C Grinling
2905 Corporal J Hamilton
2226 Private G Harman
215 Private C Harris
8687 Private J Harrison
8858 Private Frederick A Harrison
9752 Private R Hayes
1450 Private J Hanson
1552 Private A C Hewitt
1042 Private J E Hills
6035 Sergeant Lionel A Hobbs
1081 Private Isaac Hodgkinson
91 Private George Holland
9288 Private James W Holyoak
4898 CSM C Hone
9907 Lance-Corporal J Hood
1615 Private L Howe
2658 Private T Hughes
9489 Private F S Hurst
2684 Private A Jackson
207 Lance-Corporal H Kealing
8031 Private William Keene
9642 Private J Kennedy
592 Private George Kerwin
196 Lance-Corporal Michael King
782 Private J King
3667 Private F Kingsbury
60 Corporal J Knowles
9320 Private Robert Ladzrie
86 Private Allen Long
8815 Private George McCarthy
9270 Private McMahon
669 Private A Macmillan
9374 Private W Macmillan
2371 Private W Martin
922 Lance-Corporal Le Roy Marquis
1306 Private J Mason 8844 Private E Maycock
1223 Private H Meadows
9315 Private William V Moore
9105 Private Arthur E Morris
1079 Private James M Newman
99 Lance-Corporal T Nicholson
2446 Private C Nicholson
6302 Private Thomas Norwich
2383 Corporal G Page
393 Private T Patterson
9736 Private Robert Patterson
3227 Private Charles Pearson
3782 Private Cecil Peers
398 Private W Pennison
1350 Private F Plowman
9623 Private S Pointer
7316 Sergeant George Poole
1637 Private David L Potter
838 Private J Powell
9159 Lance-Corporal George W Pratt
2614 Lance-Corporal David L Quinn
8715 Private Robert Ramshaw
3579 Private S Rawson
1621 Private James Reed
138 Private Arthur G Robinson
9645 Private H Robson
1083 Lance-Corporal H Rush
9770 Private W Saville
1805 Private J Scorer
9371 Private J Scott
9291 Private J Scrowther
1136 Private Charles Seabridge
977 Private F Seager
3721 Private H Settle
9862 Private G Slyth
1108 Private M Stirling
9637 Private J Stolk
987 Private Robert G Sutton
674 Corporal Matthew Telfer
9524 Private Herbert Tomlinson
9181 Lance-Corporal A W Towle
9901 Private Herbert Tuffee
9160 Private Harry Unwin
1056 Private Robert Vaughan
320 Lance-Corporal Albert Vincent
9148 Sergeant William Warriner
879 Private Ernest Webster
9184 Private W Wildman
755 Private David L Will
523 Private W Williams
1971 Private H T Wiltshire

The following men were all reported as having since died:

2840 Lance-Corporal J W Bell
344 Private W B Brookbank
3492 Sergeant G W Cullingworth
9963 Private R Cowell
3950 Private J Ford
9592 Private J Green
8366 Lance-Corporal J Higgins
833 Acting Corporal Henry H Jeffries
7917 Private John McCullagh
3340 Private Eugene O Monachan
9113 Private H Powell
1982 Private Henry Richardson
8328 Private B Blanks
1575 Private J Thompson
9241 Private William T Westlake
2707 Private W Wright

For help with your own regimental numbering or military research conundrums, check out my military research service.