26 May 2019

The 1911 Census of Ireland


I've written here before about the 1911 Census of England and Wales, and the information that can be gleaned about the soldiers who were enumerated on it. See Unpicking the 1911 Census and 1911 Census Revelations. I completed my work on those men who were enumerated overseas some time ago, and I've recently turned back to the 1911 Census of Ireland to complete my transcription of the British Army soldiers who were stationed there on census night.

PDFs of the original census returns for Ireland in 1911 can be downloaded free of charge from The National Archives of Ireland website. Unfortunately however, many of the men were recorded only by their first and last name initials. That's a shame because there's some great information on these forms such as the men's religion and their former occupations before joining the army. All is not lost however.

On some returns, the man's regimental number has been recorded. Take this extract below, for instance, which is taken from the return of the 1st Battalion, The Buffs (East Kent Regiment) who were stationed at Portobello Barracks in Grove Road, Dublin.


Using my British Army Ancestors website which, if I say so myself, is far quicker than certain well-known family history websites in getting to the result, it is a very simple task to find the majority of these men. Here are the same men on my Excel spreadsheet:


As can be seen from this tiny extract, I have identified eight of the ten men enumerated here, hardly surprising really as the vast majority of these individuals would either have still been serving with this regiment, or on the army reserve (and therefore liable for recall to the colours), by August 1914. Most of these men will therefore have surviving medal records and/or service records which can be accessed via British Army Ancestors.

Taking the last men on this list as a case study, here's how you can quickly identify these individuals. He's recorded on the census as 9225 A B of the East Kent Regiment. Simply go to the British Army Ancestors home page and type in 9225 East Kent in the search box. In this example Albert Broughton is the only result returned and this is our man. 


The L/ prefix on Albert's number confirms that he was a regular soldier and, by referring to my post on regimental numbering in the East Kent Regiment, we can see that he must have joined the regiment between January 1910 and March 1911. Actually, as can be seen above, Albert has a surviving service record which shows that he enlisted at Chatham in February 1910. That makes perfect sense because as a young soldier he would be expected to be serving with the home battalion, learning the ropes before shipping out to the overseas' battalion (which he duly did, to India, in January 1913).

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17 May 2019

An embarkation list observation


The extract above comes from an embarkation list held in IOR/L/MIL/15/45 at The British Library. The men concerned formed part of a draft of two sergeants and 186 rank and file from the 1st Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment who set sail aboard HMS Serapis on the 8th December 1886 bound for India and the 2nd Battalion.

What's interesting about this extract is that all of these men attested for service on the 17th April 1885 and, before their regimental numbers were issued to them a couple of days later at Bristol, they were organised alphabetically by surname and then issued with their numbers. So 1055 Baker is followed by 1057 Ballinger who is followed by 1058 Barnes, and so on. 1056 would have been issued to someone whose surname falls between Baker and Ballinger and who was obviously not on this draft; there are other gaps as well.

17th April 1885 was obviously a good recruiting day for the Gloucestershire Regiment. Men issued with numbers 1055 to 1118 inclusive were all recruited on this day; not at all bad going considering the average monthly recruitment figure in line infantry regiments at the time was around 350.

The embarkation lists in  IOR/L/MIL/15/42-46 fill useful gaps in service records but have not been digitised and published online, although I have my own currently un-indexed copies from all five volumes.

29 March 2019

3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)


This post will look at regimental numbering in the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) between 1908 and September 1914.

Men signed up for six years' service on the understanding that they were "liable to be called out or detained whilst called up for training, in case of imminent national danger, or great emergency, on permanent service in the United Kingdom, or elsewhere..." and furthermore that they "could be detained in army service for the unexpired portion of [their] term of service in the Army Reserve and for a further period not exceeding 12 months..." And when Britain went to war in August 1914, that is exactly what happened. Men in the Special Reserve were called up and were soon forming drafts to replace casualties in the regular battalions which, in the case of the Black Watch, were the 1st and 2nd Battalions.


The regimental numbering sequence used by the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion was entirely separate from the numbering series used by the 1st and 2nd Battalions and in fact was a continuation of the number series that had been used by the 3rd (Militia) Battalion before the militia was replaced by the Special Reserve in April 1908. 


Here then, are some regimental numbers for the 3rd Battalion, Black Watch; all of these issued sequentially. Use these sample regimental numbers to ascertain when a man would have joined this particular battalion.


760 joined on the 18th March 1908

3/998 joined on the 3rd February 1909
3/1315 joined on the 10th January 1910
3/2102 joined on the 29th March 1912
3/2407 joined on the 3rd December 1913
3/2474 joined on the 27th February 1914
3/2642 joined on the 6th August 1914
3/3425 joined on the 1st September 1914

The 3/ prefix was used inconsistently which means that it can be confusing when it comes to trying to ascertain, from a man's regimental number alone, whether that men was a regular soldier or a man who had originally joined the Special Reserve. For instance, whilst the number 2407, above, was issued to a Special Reservist in December 1913, the same number 2407 (albeit from a different number series) would have been issued to a man signing up as a regular in 1912.


For information on numbering in the regular battalions have a look at my post here: 1st and 2nd Battalions, Black Watch

14 February 2019

3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion, Gordon Highlanders


This post will look at regimental numbering in the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion, Gordon Highlanders between 1908 and November 1914.

Men signed up for six years' service on the understanding that they were "liable to be called out or detained whilst called up for training, in case of imminent national danger, or great emergency, on permanent service in the United Kingdom, or elsewhere..." and furthermore that they "could be detained in army service for the unexpired portion of [their] term of service in the Army Reserve and for a further period not exceeding 12 months..." And when Britain went to war in August 1914, that is exactly what happened. Men in the Special Reserve were called up and were soon forming drafts to replace casualties in the regular battalions which, in the case of the Gordon Highlanders, were the 1st and 2nd Battalions.

The regimental numbering sequence used by the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion was entirely separate from the numbering series used by the 1st and 2nd Battalions and in fact was a continuation of the number series that had been used by the 3rd (Militia) Battalion before the militia was replaced by the Special Reserve in April 1908. 

Here then, are some regimental numbers for the 3rd Gordon Highlanders; all of these issued sequentially. Use these sample regimental numbers to ascertain when a man would have joined this particular battalion.

5264 joined on the 23rd November 1908
5564 joined on the 14th March 1910
5823 joined on the 3rd August 1911
6077 joined on the 4th November 1912
6128 joined on the 29th April 1913
3/6207 joined on the 20th February 1914
3/6491 joined on the 18th August 1914
3/6779 joined on the 3rd September 1914
3/7100 joined on the 19th September 1914
3/7239 joined on the 24th October 1914
3/7319 joined on the 11th November 1914

The 3/ prefix was used inconsistently and it can therefore be confusing at times when it comes to trying to ascertain, from a man's regimental number alone, whether he was a regular soldier or a man who had originally joined the Special Reserve. For instance, whilst the number 6128, above, was issued to a Special Reservist in April 1913, the same number would have been issued to a man signing up as a regular in 1897.

Men joining the newly forming service battalions from August 1914 were issued with numbers from the series that had been used by the regular battalions albeit the prefix S/ (for service) was applied (again, inconsistently) to these numbers. So 1423 was a regular who joined in May 1914, whereas S/1601 was a man who enlisted on the 12th August 1914 for wartime service only.

I have also written posts on regimental numbering in the 1st and 2nd Battalions
4th (TF) Battalion5th (Buchan & Formartin) Battalion6th (Banff & Donside) Battalion and 7th (Deeside Highland) Battalion.

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27 January 2019

The Muster Roll of Angus


I recently bought The Muster Roll of Angus with the express purpose of uploading soldier portraits to my British Army Ancestors website. At the back of the book there are a number of pages similar to the one above which refer to an index of soldiers published elsewhere. So, for instance, the man in the third row down, second from left, is number 82 and his entry reads:

Allan, Hubert A, King Street, Montrose; Bombardier, Royal Artillery - 1895.

It's useful information and the date is particularly helpful as this is the date that the man enlisted. For men with unusual names, it's a fairly straightforward task, armed with their regimental details, to find them in medal rolls and on British Army Ancestors. However, for men with common names, knowing the year they enlisted is helpful because it enables me to eliminate some soldiers when it comes to searching for the correct Robert Campbell or John MaDonald. Thanks to the earlier research I have done on regimental numbers it is very easy to quickly see whether I have the right man.

For instance, the man below is indexed as: 

Boath, James, Ponderlaw lane, Arbroath; lance-corporal, 1st Cameron Highlanders - 1897. Medals, Khedive and Egyptian (Atbara and Omdurman).


This man must be 3897 James Boath, the number 3897 dating to about the end of February 1897. I've added James's photo to British Army Ancestors and I'll be using the same logic to add other photos as well. I would imagine that the photo above dates to 1897, certainly before he'd been appointed lance-corporal and before he'd been awarded his campaign medals for the Sudan. For service during the Boer War (which is what the Muster Roll of Angus commemorates), he would go on to earn the Queen's South Africa Medal with clasps for Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, Wittebergen, Cape Colony, South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902. He would also serve with the 12th Mounted Infantry.

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12 January 2019

About Army Service Numbers 1881-1881


A couple of comments on this blog the other day made me think that I should perhaps just re-state its intent.

1. Army Service Numbers 1881-1918 does not purport to re-publish every regimental number ever issued and the date on which those numbers were issued. That would be bonkers, as well as quite clearly impossible.
2. By and large, with notable exceptions during the Second Anglo-South African War (Boer war) and from 1914 in some regiments, regimental numbers were issued sequentially as far as most units were concerned.
3. This means that if number 1234 was issued in on the 1st January 1904 and number 5678 was issued in on the 31st December 1910, regimental numbers between 1235 and 5677 must have been issued either on or between those two dates.
4. The regimental numbers I publish on this blog are therefore provided as guidance only. As a rule, for each line infantry regiment, I have published a single regimental number and enlistment date annually from 1881 (when a new regimental number sequence was introduced for infantry regiments) until 1914, and then monthly until December 1914.

In other words, the information you'll find on this blog provides broad guidance on when and how regimental numbers were issued in the British Army between 1881 and 1918. In fact it wasn't until 1920 that army numbers replaced regimental numbers and so in actual fact I should have titled this blog, "Regimental Numbers 1881-1918".

All numbers published here come from a far larger database which I have compiled over many years and which I still use daily as a rough ready-reckoner.

As far as I am aware, complete runs of regimental numbers and dates of issue do not survive for the majority of regiments. However, there are some notable exceptions:

1. The Guards regiments have pretty complete runs of men who joined up during this period as they still have in their possession both enlistment registers and papers. Of the five regiments, the Scots Guards have published many of their records on Findmypast, and more will follow next year. The other four Guards regiments are either still hanging on to their records - just - or have transferred them to the MoD.
2. The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest regiment in the British Army, have a complete run of men as a result of their membership lists, nominal rolls, and service cards which are all published on Findmypast.

I know of no other complete regimental rolls although there are of course various battalion nominal rolls which survive or which have been compiled in later years.


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I've borrowed the photo on this post from the Radley College archive. Many of these boys, prefects when this was taken in 1913, would go on to serve their King and Country between 1914-1918.

5 January 2019

42151 Pte Thomas Davies, 11th South Wales Borderers


I recently posted information about the Herefordshire Regiment and enlistment dates for regimental numbers between 1908 and December 1914. In that post I referred to a Herefordshire Regiment man whom I had come across whilst researching another Herefordshire soldier. That man was Thomas Davies and this is his story. 

The first image that appears in Thomas Davies's file in series WO 364 is that of a Field Medical Card dated 24th February 1917. It notes, "42151 Pte Davies, T, 11th South Wales Borderers; amputation of left leg below knee, multiple small wounds, right ankle & toe. GSW rifle grenade." The card is stamped by the 131st Field Ambulance, the reverse detailing the amount of morphia doses given to Thomas, and the times these were administered. 

In actual fact, Thomas would also lose his right leg the same day. A report in his file dated the 20th August 1917 reads, "Rifle grenade wounds. Both legs amputated Feb 24th 1917, Ypres. Had left leg blown off and right leg badly mangled. Right leg amputated at [46] CCS [Casualty Clearing Station] and left stump repaired. Arrived here [Military Hospital, Herne Bay] March 21st via Boulogne [13 General Hospital, Rouen]. On April 10 right leg was re-amputated below knee. May 1, the left leg was re-amputated at upper thigh, wounds healed. General condition good." Thomas, left with a six inch stump on his left leg, was still only 19 years old. 

He was supplied with artificial Blatchford prosthetics (a Blatchford No 2 for his left leg and a Blatchford No 5 for his right leg). The image at the head of this post is from the Blatchford Group website, the company still developing artificial limbs today. 

Thomas was awarded a 100% disability pension for life. In 1918 this amounted to 21 shillings a week and by 1932 this had risen to 40 shillings a week. A claim that year for an additional payment for a carer was rejected; a note in his file reports, "Is able to do everything for himself but doesn't like going out without an escort." 

Thomas Davies was the younger brother of Aaron Davies, and when the 1911 Census was taken he was living with Aarion and his wife Beatrice and their two young children at Pentilcoch, Tregoyd, Three Cocks, Breconshire. Three years later, with Britain at war, he enlisted with the 2/1st Herefordshire Regiment on the 14th October 1914 aged 17 years and four months. He proceeded overseas on the 27th July 1916 and after treading water at an infantry base depot at Rouen for a month, was posted to the 2/4th Battalion, South Wales Borderers on the 24th August 1916, and subsequently posted to the 11th Battalion. It was whilst serving with this battalion that he sustained what we would term today, life-changing injuries. 

I would be interested to know what happened to Thomas Davies after he left the army. He had been employed by the Honourable Robert Charles Devereux (17th Viscount Hereford) of Tregoyd and a note in his file after he had received his injuries states that Viscount Devereux had indicated that he would continue to employ him. In what capacity is unknown, however, and the detail about his pre-war employment is not recorded on his attestation papers. Viscount Hereford's son, Robert Godfrey de Bohun Devereux, had also been wounded whilst serving with the Welsh Guards.

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1 January 2019

Herefordshire Regiment enlistments 1908-1914


Undertaking some research for someone the other day into a man who served with the Herefordshire Regiment, reminds me that I have not, to date, posted anything on this regiment. Here then is some detail on regimental numbering in this regiment.

The Herefordshire Regiment was a wholly Territorial Force regiment headquartered at Hereford. Originally comprised of eight companies, pre-First World War, it recruited men from the following areas:

A & H Companies: Hereford, with drill stations at Peterchurch, Madley, Marden & Burghill
B Company: Ross, with a drill station at Upton Bishop
C Company: Ledbury, with drill stations at Colwall, Much Marcle & Bosbury
D Company: Kington, with drill stations at Presteigne and Eardisley
E Company: Ruardean, with a drill station at Littledean
F Company: Leominster, with a drill station at Bromyard
G Company: Rhayader with drill stations at Knighton, Chapel Lawn, Newbridge, Bucknell & Llandridnd Wells

Knowing the recruitment areas for men who joined prior to 4th August 1914 is important. For instance, if a man was living in Ruardean and joined the regiment pre-August 1914, the likelihood is that he would have served with E Company. By the time that Britain went to war in August 1914 however, such distinctions were lost as men flocked to the colours and were allocated to those companies which could accommodate them.

Originally designated simply as the 1st Herefordshire Regiment, the need to accommodate new recruits from September 1914 necessitated the formation of a new, reserve battalion. This battalion became the 2/1st Herefordshire Regiment whilst the original battalion was re-titled the 1/1st Battalion. In due course, in February 1915, a 3/1st Battalion would be formed.

All three battalion shared the same regimental number series which had begun with 1 in April 1908. The following sequence to the end of 1914 will give an idea of regimental number progression to the end of 1914.

107 joined on 17th April 1908
522 joined on 2nd February 1909
898 joined on 5th April 1910
1093 joined on 12th June 1911
1144 joined on 26th February 1912
1302 joined on 8th April 1913
1427 joined on 2nd April 1914
1564 joined on 6th August 1914
2021 joined on 2nd September 1914
2589 joined on 16th October 1914
2930 joined on 13th November 1914
3031 joined on 19th December 1914

In other words, more men joined the regiment between August and December 1914 than in the period April 1908 to July 1914. 

From September 1914 the majority of men joining the Herefordshire Regiment would join the 2/1st Battalion and many of these men would find themselves sent to France in August 1916 before transferring to the South Wales Borderers to help fill the gaps caused by casualties on the Somme. During the course of my research I came across the record of a Herefordshire Regiment man 42151 Pte Thomas Davies - who was badly wounded in early 1917 and I will tell his story in a separate post. It deserves to be told and he deserves to be remembered.

The photo that I have used on this page shows men of the 1st Herefordshire Regiment waiting on a station platform en route to Hereford in 1914. It comes from the Courtyard Centre for the Arts website.

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27 December 2018

Army Service Numbers 1881-1918: a 2018 retrospective


As 2018 draws to a close, here's what I achieved this year.
  • Including this one, I published 48 Army Service Numbers blog posts
  • I wrote 36 Army Ancestry Research  blog posts
  • I answered over 500 British Army research enquiries 
  • I wrote 23 blog posts on my British Army Ancestors website and added several hundred photos. I know of at least two success stories where members of the public have found ancestors as a result of this new initiative and I remain committed to it
  • I set up a British Army Ancestors Facebook page and publish mini biographies daily. Today's post, for instance, features Walter Holmes of the 20th Public Schools Battalion, Royal Fusiliers who is the man seated in the right in the photo at the top of this post.
In addition to the blogging and the tweeting (somewhat reduced this year, and for that matter, I am undecided whether I will stay with Twitter) and the research enquiries, I also continued with my own research projects. I have still to complete Times casualties published in March 1915 but I did complete my transcription of soldiers overseas who were enumerated in the 1911 census. I also completed the publication of my Princess Mary tin data: British soldiers who were captured on or before Christmas Day 1914.

I also ventured into the world of digital publishing. Having won two large book auctions in 2017 I now have digital, fully OCRd copies of the Rifle Brigade Chronicle and King's Royal Rifle Corps Chronicles to 1920. I have a complete run of the RB Chronicle from 1890 to 1920 but I am missing the years 1915 and 1919 for the KRRC Chronicle. I also set up separate pages on this blog offering books for sale and original photographs for sale.

So what else is in store for 2019?

I will continue with the daily posting on the British Army Ancestors Facebook page and I plan enhancements for the site. I may start posting 1911 Census transcriptions on my British Army Ancestors site, and I certainly plan more indexing of men in the army who were enumerated on returns in England, Wales and Ireland.

I will probably post fewer posts on this blog in 2019 but having celebrated 10 years of publishing on this platform this year, I look forward to the start of another decade's publishing.

To all visitors to this blog, I wish you a very happy 2019.

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2 December 2018

RAMC - Other Rank PoWs 1914



There are 365 men on this list of men from the Royal Army Medical Corps who were captured by the Germans on or before Christmas Day 1914. I have transcribed this data from the following Imperial War Museum collection:

B.O.2 1/127 is nine-page typed list sent by officer i/c RAMC records (letter to Sir Ernest Goodhart dated 13th February 1919)

My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the home address of the majority of the men. 

The full transcription is available for sale for £25. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

For more information about these so-called 'Princess Mary tin PoWs' see my 1914 PoWs page. The majority of these men will also have records published by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Searching is free; finding your man is another matter entirely.



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482 Private G W Adams, 5548 Private J Adams, 3154 Private J B Allan, 3102 Private H Allen, 380 Private R Allen, 5352 Private E Allenby, 3021 Private F I Allery, 8288 Staff Sergeant M Andrews, 3324 Private R Archibald, 6736 Private A C Austin, 5256 Private W A Austin, 3198 Private H E Axten. 

5182 Private G Banister, 3107 Private A Barnacle, 2931 Private W Barnsfather, 3220 Private P Barnwell, 19736 Private C G Bates, 2805 Private J Bell, 7780 Private B Benians, 6800 Private W H Bennett, 6593 Bugler A V Berry, 2916 Private E Betts, 2703 Private T Biggins, 4071 Private W H Blackburn, 8382 Private H Blackman, 5832 Private P Bolger 7349 Private C A Bolton 18816 Sergeant G W Bond 2394 Private I Bowden 7081 Private R Bowles, 7502 Private J G Boyde, 2475 Private R Brady, 3117 Private G H Bramwell, 5073 Private T G N Brands, 6896 Private T Bray, 3303 Private P Brazil, 1081 Private A Bremner, 2739 Private G W Bristow,4448 Private J Brookfield, 3155 Private O Brooks, 1054 Private J S Broom, 1868 Sergeant E B Browne, 19548 Private C E Buckley, 5981 Private W C Bunfield. 

8256 Private E Calvert, 19742 Sergeant F G Cannon, 8653 Private J Canty, 330 Private P Carberry, 6 Private G Cardwell, 3672 Private J Carroll, 3128 Private F J Carter, 7253 Private R Cartier, 6893 Private A Chubb, 14299 Private J Clifford, 8257 Private F Cockburn, 2918 Private F Cockell, 19860 Private H Cockhill, 2796 Private L Cohen, 15698 Staff Sergeant H C F Collier, 18237 Private J Collins, 8146 Private T R L Collinwood, 3088 Private H Conlon, 3031 Private I Connole, 516 Private R Connolly, 16224 Private G Constable, 2417 Private W Constable, 2662 Private R E Conway, 8349 Private W Cook, 18413 Corporal C W Cooke, 997 Corporal T F Corbett, 15700 Private R Corfield, 2533 Private R I Cotton, 6422 Private J Cowie, 2982 Private S R Cowley, 15918 Private C P Craig, 7183 Private J Craig, 4172 Private P Cremin, 2464 Private J Crickett, 6813 Private A O Cromwell, 570 Sergeant G B Crooke, 1345 Private A Crooks, 2874 Private T Cropper, 19828 Private R A Cross, 102 Private D H Crotey, 598 Private W H Cullingford, 3222 Private H Curtis, 7016 Private T Cuthbert.

3163 Private F Dart, 12318 Private F C Dart, 3093 Private J W Davies, 5163 Private R T Davies, 7547 Private T Davies, 6659 Private D Davis, 6123 Private J Delaney, 17966 Private A Denney, 2663 Private M Donoghue, 7167 Private M Donohoe, 7180 Private N Doubleday, 2657 Private D Doyle, 3936 Private A A Duffy, 1216 Private J Dunne, 5169 Private J Durkin, 15299 Private C Dyer, 7668 Private E S Dyer.

7559 Private G Eden, 7627 Private C Edwards, 12791 Private H G Elkins, 12590 Private S Ellingford, 2091 Private T W Elwood, 11236 Sergeant B A Embelin, 109 Corporal A G Emment, 8222 Private C Evans, 12303 Private P S Evans.

3567 Private T Fahey, 3193 Private A Farrell, 18317 Private A Farrell, 2178 Private H E Felstead, 3011 Private W Field, 1841 Private S E Fielding, 1330 Private T M Fisher, 4342 Private T Fitt, 18321 Private A S Fleming, 3497 Private A Foakes, 6973 Private G Foley, 18735 Private W F W Forge, 5966 Private J Forsyth, 15684 Private A Foster, 1852 Private C Frame, 2845 Private G Furber. 

15864 Private W Gale, 7573 Private I Galloway, 7522 Private C W Gambling, 343 Private P Garry, 18234 Private R G Gibbons, 4183 Private S H Girling, 340 Private J Glass, 18197 Private F Good, 6204 Private P Gough, 4434 Private R Graham, 6628 Private A Grant, 9749 Private W Gray, 356 Private G H Green,  2179 Private W Green,  1307 Private J Greenley, 5321 Private W Graham, 6584 Private A G Gwilt. 

2414 Private A S Haggis 7388 Private P G Hancox 2981 Private H Hanke 7511 Private O Harbord 7435 Private H Harrington 18700 Private F Harris 20337 Private F Hatcher 4586 Private A Hazell 17157 Private M Heaver 3632 Private A Henderson 121 Private T B Herbert 7086 Private L C Higgins 6643 Private A F Hill 2174 Private R Hill 4733 Private W Hill 2775 Private W T Hill 6565 Private H Hobbs 2161 Private T R L Hogg 7112 Private F Holtsbaum 18742 Private C Honeybone 2373 Private C C Hope 5819 Private H Hopper 18486 Private T W Huff 4057 Private H Hughes 18593 Private L Hughes 9158 Private W Hurford 4157 Private P Hutchinson

698 Private H Ide 

3140 Private A R Jarvis 1965 Private A C Jebbitt 621 Private R F Jenkins 5741 Private S A Johnson 13459 Private L Johnston 892 Private W Johnston 20356 Corporal W A Jones 1698 Private J Joseph 

5049 Private A Kellett 18528 Private H Kenyon 3221 Private R Keys 1092 Private E King 4169 Private H A King 7957 Private N Kirkham 

13922 Private W Lacey 2735 Private R B Lamb 4785 Private I Lancaster 2915 Private J H Langston 3490 Private M Larry 3130 Private L Lawn 14566 Private A H Lawrence 4647 Private C Lawson 19906 Private S G Letchford 3053 Private F W Lewis 1248 Private C Ley 19352 Corporal A Lightfoot 3194 Private R Lillis 1793 Private A E Lines 147 Private W Lintott 3436 Private O List 16885 Private T Longworth 5870 Private A T Lott 3257 Private A Lovatt 4580 Private F Lowrie 7510 Private S H Lyon 

1843 Staff Sergeant C A Mack 7339 Private J M Main 17006 Private R Mair 2914 Private H Manley 8364 Private A V Mann 501 Private A Marshal 14018 Private P A Massey 5535 Private C H Masters 14870 Private W Mathes 7735 Private W T Maxwell 3899 Private F J Mayes 168 Private I McCarthy 3147 Private J McCarthy 11583 Quartermaster Sergeant W McCarthy 3390 Private A McClay 14922 Private A McDowell 567 Private G McGowan 12490 Private J McKay 6964 Private W Mead 3182 Private W Meehan 10542 Sgt-Major A E Mendell 3375 Private T Middleton 2532 Private H Miller 19004 Private W H Mills 3179 Private G Mitchell 18752 Private W G Mitchell 6674 Private C Moore 7887 Private H Moore 3457 Private M Moore 14941 Private W Moore 17565 Private A E Morgan 3184 Private H S Morris 4617 Private F W Moss 2702 Private T Mullin 2342 Private F W Murray 

6 Private W J Nelms 170 Private D M Newall 3058 Private W H Nicholls 

6687 Private J Oakley 157 Private J O'Brien 524 Private C O'Callaghan 7299 Private T O'Connor 1847 Staff Sergeant R W Ogg 2980 Private W O'Neill 

15696 Corporal W A Page 3236 Private J Palmer 18690 Corporal A E Parkins 5 Private C Patterson 390 Private R Paul 3032 Private W H Pereira 1016 Private R Perston 9198 Private A T Petherbridge 7129 Private C Philpott 2777 Private H Pickford 16253 Private J N Pilling 20028 Private G E Pinckney 15899 Private H G Piper 135 Private F J Pontin 16242 Private A Porter 541 Private E H D Pratt 11968 Private G S Preece 19160 Sergeant F J Preston 6054 Private W G Pugh 

688 Private J Radford 678 Staff Sergeant L Reed 351 Private E Reilly 3205 Private O Reilly 3062 Private W Reilly 3204 Private E Richardson 3207 Private G Richardson 3258 Private R Richardson 3012 Private H Roberts 8892 Private J I Robertson 351 Private J Robinson 916 Private I Roche 15289 Staff Sergeant H R M Rodman 2660 Private E W Rogers 12402 Staff Sergeant T E Rondell 3106 Private F Rose 19028 Private W Russell 11582 Sgt-Major J Ryan 

3132 Private P G Sayer 3233 Private I Scarisbrick 15904 Private A Seeley 8175 Private M Shaw 17540 Private W Shergold 16852 Sergeant G I Short 1861 Corporal J E R Simmons 18957 Sergeant A C Smith 9274 Private B Smith 6441 Private E Smith 18418 Staff Sergeant G Smith 668 Private J Smith 3141 Private J Smith 3208 Private W Smith 19895 Sergeant W Smith 3882 Private F Spencer 6972 Private W R Stanley 6381 Private J Steele 2436 Private C H Stockbridge 11627 Staff Sergeant H Stocker 7505 Private W C H Stroud 5611 Corporal E A Swatton 6727 Private R L Symonds 

19023 Sergeant A Tarbet 1377 Private G Taylor 3217 Private H Taylor 3577 Private J B Taylor 5271 Private S J H Taylor 7587 Private E A Theobald 7652 Private A Thomson 17965 Sergeant T J J Thomson 6854 Private R W Thornton 18604 Staff Sergeant W Tindall 2701 Private D Tormey 3185 Private J Toussaint 2797 Private E G Towells 7251 Private A Trickett 3125 Private A J Trimby 13056 Private A Turner 3025 Private W Tyson 

7602 Private W Vaughan 15643 Private T Vesey 14561 Private F A Vowles 

6575 Private W H Wallis 3478 Private H Walsh 7955 Private J Walsh 509 Private M T Walsh 14582 Private G Ward 6878 Private J Ward 4116 Private E C Warner 1111 Private W D Warrad 17492 Private S Warrington 168 Private T Watkins 5481 Private J C Watts 11424 Sergeant E Weavis 6410 Private E Wells 1325 Private C W Westlake 15716 Private J Whiffin 15995 Private J Whittaker 701 Private A B Wilkins 699 Private A S Wilkins 20703 Private W Wilkins 178 Corporal A E A Wilkinson 3148 Private C A Williams 5912 Private R Williams 5912 Pte Robert Williams 534 Private W Williams 2019 Private S J Williamson 3145 Private C W M Wills 50 Lance-Corporal H Wilson 19453 Sergeant A C Wingate 1 Private F S Wood 922 Private C Woods 6586 Private T H Woods 14843 Private T G Wort

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Army Ordnance Corps - Other rank PoWs 1914


Because I'm essentially a kind-hearted soul, I've included these men's home addresses in this extract of AOC men captured by the Germans on or before Christmas Day 1914. The source of this information is B.O.2 1/128, a two-page typed list sent by the Royal Army Ordnance Corps Prisoners of War Help Committee to Sir Ernest Goodhart on the 18th December 1918. 

For more information on the collection of which these records form a small part, please read my 1914 PoWs page.

The unfortunate Pows are:

T184 Armourer Quartermaster-Sergeant W H Bonaker A944 Armourer Staff-Sergeant G Broome; 1 Selsey Avenue, Selsey Road, Smethwick 09847 Private E C Evans; 23 Elton Road, Mount Pleasant, Exeter T183 Acting Quartermaster-Sergeant W Farmer; 20 Malt Hill, Grantham A1093 Armourer Staff-Sergeant A Hudson; c/o Mrs T Coates, High Street, Helmsley (RSO), Yorks 026298 Private H J Marks; 35 Mortimer Street, Trowbridge, Wilts S6121 Acting Staff-Sergeant E McCahey; 3 Macoma Road, Plumstead, London A860 Armourer Quartermaster-Sergeant D J Niblock; 40 Newton Road, Sparkhill, Birmingham A/900 Armourer Staff-Sergeant W Nichols; 1 Melrose Avenue, Walford Road, Sparkbook, Birmingham 03668 Private J Palmer; 36 Lime Street, South Moor, Stanley, County Durham T969 Armourer Staff-Sergeant A K Trench; 66 Chesterfield Road, St Andrews Park, Bristol

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21 November 2018

RGA - Other Rank PoWs 1914


There is little more than a handful of men who served with the Royal Garrison Artillery and who were captured on or before Christmas Day 1914. The majority of these men served with 35 Heavy Battery and 48 Heavy Battery and were captured in the first real week of fighting

34859 Gunner H Brind
2255 CSM (AC) R Cook
39861 Gunner J Granaghan
40585 Gunner F C Hawkins
14976 Gunner E Jellett
38877 Gunner E J Mant
24795 Sergeant E Mayhew
32670 Bombardier J G McArthur
23828 Gunner W Philpott
38529 Gunner W C Souter
14346 Gunner F Whiffin

These records are catalogued at The Imperial War Museum under B.O.21/117 which is a single page handwritten list of 10 RGA ORs captured up to and including 25th December 1914.  The list was sent from RGA Record Office, Dover on 11th January 1919. Gunner Mant's record is held under B.O.21/118 and is a letter from Edward Clutterbuck to Princess Mary on behalf of Gunner Mant's mother (of 138 Shirland Road, Paddington, London) requesting the Princess Mary tin "to keep in memory of her son" who was killed in action in France in 1914.

The photograph on this page, source now unknown, shows men of the RGA photographed in 1920.

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25 October 2018

2nd Life Guards - Other Rank PoWs 1914


There are just 17 men on this list of 2nd Life Guards other ranks who were captured in 1914. The data comes from a single source now archived at the Imperial War Museum. Item B.O.2 1/167 consists of a single-page typed list to Sir Enest Goodhart sent from the officer i/c 2nd Life Guards dated 7th January 1919. My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the home address and/or next of kin address for the majority of the men.

For more information about these so-called 'Princess Mary tin PoWs' see my 1914 PoWs page. Any transcription errors are my own.


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2414 Corporal of Horse H J Anstice DCM, 2875 Trooper D Cameron, 2176 Trooper H Claxton, 2929 Trooper E Cooper, 2947 Trooper T G Dallimore, 2565 Corporal of Horse G H Hayward, 2667 Trooper F Hoskin, 2915 Trooper J H Hucker, 2443 Corporal E Kimberley, 6444 Trumpeter Thomas F Leng, 2778 Trooper J McClusky, 2575 Trooper G F Norridge, 2838 Trooper F E Read, 2925 Trooper C J Rowe, 3874 Pte Harry Smith, 2488 Corporal of Horse W Taylor, 2553 Corporal of Horse B C Tomlinson.

The full transcription is available for £15 as part of my Household Cavalry PoW collection. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

14 October 2018

7th Dragoon Guards - Other Rank PoWs 1914


There is just a handful of men from the 7th Dragoon Guards who appear on my so-called Princess Mary Tin PoW list. The original source material is now catalogued at The Imperial War Museum in B.O.2 1/52; no details of the compiler or sender noted.

6671 Corporal P F Cosgrave
6857 Private C Lewis
6924 Sergeant G W Naylor
6576 Private John Plain
6287 Private Herbert Wright

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13 October 2018

18th Hussars - Other Rank PoWs 1914


There are 87 men on this list of 18th Hussars other ranks who were captured in 1914. The data comes from a single source now archived at the Imperial War Museum as B.O.2 1/162; a six-page hand-written letter to Sir Ernest Goodhart from the Colonel i/c Cavalry Records (Hussars) dated 7th January 1919 at York. My full transcription of these men (not reproduced here) also contains the home address and/or next of kin address of all of the men.

The full transcription is available for sale for £20. Contact me if you would like to purchase a copy.

For more information about these so-called 'Princess Mary tin PoWs' see my 1914 PoWs page. Any transcription errors are my own.


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909 Private A H Addison, 47201 Private William J Albon

3575 Private W Barclay, 47194 Private J Barnard, 47112 Sergeant W J Bart, 5129 Lance-Corporal W H Bates, 47207 Private John Beasty, 4635 Private A O C Bell, 7090 Private E H Bell, 4686 Private G R Bird, 32392 Private E Bridgeman, 3812 Lance-Corporal W Brown, 2279 Private C Burrage.

47163 Private J Cassidy, 6302 Private E A Castle, 47161 Private A G Cater, 6174 Private B Clarke, 
248 Private W H Clayton, 5292 Private F E Clegg, 5646 Private R Collingwood, 47184 Corporal D Cook, 6652 Private R Cooper, 8285 Sergeant W Curtis, 242 S/Sgt William E Cussons. 

942 Private D R Davies, 6675 Private J W Davies, 5202 Private R Dearden, 12820 Lance-Corporal S Donaldson.

47203 Lance-Corporal C Edwards, 4233 Lance-Corporal J Ethy.

47227 Private F Ford, 6451 Cpl Matthew Fowkes.

5631 Sergeant G Glover, 5043 Private Godfrey, 47176 Private J J Goodwin, 47188 Lance-Sergeant T B Goodyer, 47165 Private H Grant, 47166 Lance-Corporal A E Green.

47175 Private J D Harlow, 8402 Lance-Corporal S E Harrall, 238 Private A Hart, 7711 Private E Hatfield, 7962 Private T J Heatherington, 4566 Pte William R Henry, 908 Private D W Hepple, 4031 Private A Hill, 47212 Private T W Horberry, 47153 Lance-Corporal B G Howard, 2611 Lance-Corporal J Hoyle.

6640 Lance-Corporal E J Jordan.

2948 Lance-Corporal L J Keeling, 8524 Private O Keenan, 47197 Sergeant G H Kelly, 2978 Private W King, 133 Private J Kipping.

10419 Private W E Ling, 2903 Private H Lister, 2818 Private F Lowe.

6990 S/Sgt D W Macdonald, 2298 Sergeant G C Macey, 8435 Private W E Margetts, 11107 Private Charles Mayhew, 5759 Private W R Miller.

10295 Private J Parker, 3245 Bandsman H Perryman, 5122 Lance-Corporal E Pike, 6295 Private C Powell, 9823 Lance-Corporal T Price.

7593 Private B T Quick

47143 Private E Rawling, 47151 Private E G Reeve, 47132 Private R B Reid, 4584 Private G Richards, 3969 Private T W Riddle, 6573 Private C Roberts, 47164 Sergeant A Rolfe, 5136 Private T Ryan.

4649 Lance-Sergeant Harold Shaw, 47230 Lance-Sergeant Augustus L M Smith.

1074 Lance-Sergeant Henry F Tetley, 4568 Private F Torrence, 3177 S/Sgt F Townend, 3133 Private S E Tracey.

6985 Private F Vincent

10109 Private F R White,   5650 Private J Wood,  166 Private W Wright.

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